University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 0048
Survey Title Survey on Working Attitudes, 1993
Depositor Japan Institute of Life Insurance
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Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Summary In the midst of a long-term recession after the rupture of the bubble economy, Japanese firms have begun to adjust employment by laying off middle-aged managers and other means. Discussions now abound on the reconsideration of the "Japanese hiring practices." At the same time, from a mid- to long-term perspective, aging of the population is expected to reduce the share of young workers while encouraging women's social advancement. As the socio-economic environment of the workers change in these ways, the workers are themselves expected to change the way they are and the way they think. For instance, they may have diversified their values and life styles, or they may have reconsidered their loyalty to the company, which has been described as "in the same boat" or "selfless devotion." Hence, this survey was conducted to understand the life and work consciousness among the workers, what attracts them to the status of office worker, their job/corporate satisfaction, evaluation of and attitudes to the workplace, sense of belonging to the company, etc., as well as to investigate how these are associated with one another.
Universe Male and female individuals aged between 20 and 59 who are full-time employees of private firms with at least ten employees.
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size 2,978 effective responses from 3,000 such individuals scheduled for collection.
Time Period May 11-31, 1993
Spatial Unit Sapporo City, Sendai City, the Metropolitan area (within a 40-kilometer radius), the Chukyo area (Nagoya City and its suburbs), the Kinki area (within a 30-kilometer radius), Hiroshima City, and the Kita-Kyushu area (Kita-Kyushu City and Fukuoka City).
Sampling Procedure Area sampling
Mode of Data Collection Record system in which questionnaires were distributed by direct visit.
Investigator Japan Institute of Life Insurance The field work was performed by the Marketing Center.
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Japan Institute of Life Insurance (February, 1994) Shuro ishiki ni kansuru chosa [Survey of Workers' Work Consciousness]
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items Demographic and other basic items:
Sex; age; last school attended; firm's industry; occupation; union, firm with or without union; seniority; job switching experienced, number of jobs switched, and reasons; number of full-time employees at firm; number of subordinates; commuting time; weekday work hours; form of holidays taken; portion of entitled paid vacation taken and reasons for not taking it all; marital status; number of children; life stage of last-born child; family members living with Respondent; spouse's occupation; type of dwelling; housing loan obligations; annual income; annual household income; insurance money payable upon death; and savings (excluding real estate).
Questionnaire items:
(1)Work consciousness and important areas of life (life and work consciousness; purpose of work; work liked or disliked; important areas of life, and most important area of life); (2) merits of office worker and actual state of work (merits of office worker; degree of satisfaction with firm and its reasons; reasons for dissatisfaction with firm; degree of satisfaction with work; job description; sense of contributing to firm; relations between work and pay; qualifications usable at other firms; job/company switching experienced; reasons for switching; switching, intended or not intended; desired retirement age); (3) evaluation and opinion of firm (management philosophy and company lessons; common values; evaluation of and attitudes to firm [workplace atmosphere, systems, workers' relations]; philanthropic activities; denial of philanthropic activities as advertisement; philanthropic activities at the expense of reduced income; kind of security support expected from firm; and (4) truth about sense of belonging to firm.
Date of Release 1998/04/01
Version Registered on April 1, 1998.
Topics Employment/Labor
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.