University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0089
Survey Title Survey on State of New Business Start-ups, 1994
Depositor Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Nesstar Not available
Summary Establishment of new small companies is a must for maintaining our economic viability. This is why NLFC has conducted as many as nine Surveys of New Start-ups since 1969. This survey, the most recent of the kind, comes with three distinct areas of focus: (1) changes in start-up conditions such as the decline in real estate prices and the alleviation of the labor shortage problem; (2) new businesses by women; and (3) new businesses by the middle-aged. We gave both a questionnaire and an interview (by visiting ) to 62 of the new starters surveyed here.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe A total of 6,440 companies which were, among other companies financed by NLFC between April and September, 1993, either within one year of opening or before opening at the time of financing.
Unit of Observation Individual,Organization
Sample Size 6,440 companies sampled; 2,304 effective responses (rate: 35.8%)
Date of Collection 1994-09-01 ~ 1994-09-01
September, 1994
Time Period 1994 ~ 1994
Spatial Unit
Sampling Procedure
Mode of Data Collection
Investigator NLFC Research Institute
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0089
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) NLFC Research Institute (ed) (September, 1995) Shinki kaigyo hakusho: Heisei 7-nen ban (The 1995 White Paper on New Start-ups). Chusho Kigyo Risachi Senta (The Medium and Small Business Research Center, Inc.)
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items (1) Business outline: industry; business content and major customers; age of business and Respondent's age at start; form of enterprise.
(2) R's background: employment before business; number of employers and a total number of years employed; number of years R held a related job(s); dissatisfaction as employee; prior occupation and number of employees at the prior workplace; sex and last school attended; housing loan obligations; income-earning family members at start; children high school and above at start; parents' and siblings' business experience.
(3) Path to business: timing of determination; most important matters for R upon starting a new business; purposes of starting a business; degree of satisfaction with preparation (funds, place of business, securing staff, recruitment of regular employees, securing buyers, securing sellers and subcontractors, shop/factory facilities/equipment, needed knowledge and technology); initial funds and their sources; staff secured at start and recruitment of regular employees.
(4) Business after start and business characteristics: number of employees and sex/age composition at start and at present; current monthly sales and amount expected at start; profitability; date when business overcame deficits;
R's and family's annual income before business and at present; business field; self-evaluation of company; patents and utility models held; future policy of business size; plans for business expansion; degree of satisfaction with current income, work, and life.
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Working conditions
Topics in SSJDA Economy/Industry/Management
Version 1 : 1998-04-01
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.