University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 0091
Survey Title Survey on State of New Business Start-ups, 1996
Depositor Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Summary The importance of new businesses has begun to be socially recognized in Japan. In the past several years, the opportunity has expanded for potential entrepreneurs to obtain both public and private support for starting businesses. Since 1969 NLFC has conducted Surveys of New Start-ups from various perspectives, and this one is the 11th of the series. We gave both a questionnaire and an interview (by visiting ) to 28 of the new starters we surveyed.
Universe A total of 7,479 companies which were, among other companies financed by NLFC between April and September, 1995, either within one year of opening or before opening at the time of financing.
Unit of Observation Individual,Organization
Sample Size 7,479 companies sampled; 1,956 effective responses (rate: 26.2%)
Time Period August, 1996
Spatial Unit
Sampling Procedure
Mode of Data Collection
Investigator NLFC Research Institute
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) NLFC Research Institute (ed) (July, 1997) Shinki kaigyo hakusho: Heisei 9-nen ban (The 1997 White Paper on New Start-ups). Chusho Kigyo Risachi Senta (The Medium and Small Business Research Center, Inc.)
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items (1) Business outline: industry; business content; business creativity and newness; patents and utility models held; age of business and Respondent's age at start; form of enterprise.
(2) R's background: number of years R held a related job(s); prior occupation, size of workforce at the prior workplace, listed or not listed, industry, R's job responsibility; way of supplying goods/services at the prior workplace and at R's company; relations between new business and experience of firing/ transfer; problems in learning know-how of current business at the workplace; sex and last school attended
(3) Path to business and condition at start: timing of determination; most important matters for R upon starting a business; motivations for starting a business; where R acquired necessary knowledge, technology, and know-how; membership in a store chain; initial funds and their sources; degree of satisfaction with preparation (funds, place of business, securing of staff, recruitment of regular employees, securing of buyers, securing of sellers and subcontractors, shop/factory facilities and equipment, needed knowledge and technology)/
(4) Business after start: number of employees at start and at present; recruitment; current monthly sales and amount expected at start; profitability and date when business overcame deficits; R's and family's annual income before business and at present; intentions for future business size; degree of satisfaction with current income, work, and life; public support systems to be substantiated for new start-ups.
Date of Release 1998/04/01
Version Registered on April 1, 1998.
Topics Economy/Industry/Management
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.