University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 0092
Survey Title Survey on State of New Business Start-ups, 1997
Depositor Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Nesstar Not available
Summary A matured market and a hollowing-out of industry have helped undermine the viability of the entire Japanese economy, and employment insecurity has become more and more serious. In order to revitalize the economy and secure employment, new businesses and industries must be created. Midsize and small companies are expected to play a great role in such creative activities. Since 1969 NLFC has conducted Surveys of New Start-ups with various focuses, and since 1991 it has published findings in the form of annual white paper. In addition to revealing the current state of new start-ups, the 1997 Survey offers an analysis of the producer and household service industries in which more innovative businesses have emerged than in other industries. To 25 of the new starters surveyed, we gave not only a questionnaire but also an interview (by visiting).
Universe A total of 6,666 companies which were, among other companies financed by NLFC between April and September, 1996, either within one year of opening or before opening at the time of financing.
Unit of Observation Individual,Organization
Sample Size 6,666 companies surveyed; 1,812 effective responses (rate: 27.2%)
Time Period August, 1997
Spatial Unit
Sampling Procedure
Mode of Data Collection
Investigator NLFC Research Institute
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) NLFC Research Institute (ed) (July, 1998) Shinki kaigyo hakusho: Heisei 10-nen ban (The 1998 White Paper on New Start-ups). Chusho Kigyo Risachi Senta (The Medium and Small Business Research Center, Inc.)
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items (1) Business outline: industry; line of business; age of business and Respondent's age at start; form of enterprise; business characteristics (instructions/advice/ suggestions to customers; venture business or not; industrial field; business description; etc.); official permissions necessary for business and those obtained.
(2) R's background: number of years R held a related job(s); prior occupation, size of workforce at the prior workplace, listed or not listed, industry; sex and last school attended.
(3) Path to business and condition at start: timing of determination; most important matters for R upon starting a business; motivations for starting a business; prior research activities; impact of deregulation on business; where R acquired necessary knowledge, technology, and know-how; membership in a store chain; breakdown of initial funds and their sources.
(4) Employees: number of regular and temporary employees at start and at present; current labor sufficiency; recruitment; management measures to motivate employees to work hard.
(5) Business after start: current profit and date when business overcame deficits; monthly sales expected at start; degree of satisfaction with current income, work, and life; future business development (toward an open company; toward a larger company);public support systems to be substantiated for new start-ups.
Date of Release 2000/03/16
Version Registered on March 16, 2000.
Topics Economy/Industry/Management
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.