University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0117
Survey Title Survey on Working Attitudes, 1995
Depositor Recruit Works Institute
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Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Nesstar Not available
Summary Over the past several years, we have actively debated on the way the Japanese employment system should be in the future, and we are now predicting that employment relations will be established when and where the employer's and job-seeker's needs meet rather than the firm's employing people over a long period of time. There have been changes on the part of the workers, too, as we hear more about people who work in unconventional ways. Some move to the country in search of a new heaven, others become entrepreneurs and start their own business. Still others hold a side job by using special talent. Against such a social backdrop, this survey was conducted in an attempt to uncover the way of working desired by the businessmen living in the Metropolitan area. Specifically, the survey investigates their (1) practice and consciousness of switching jobs, (2) intentions for U-turn and I-turn job switching, and (3) interest in new work styles.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Male employees of private firms and public agencies aged between 20 and 49 who live in the Metropolitan area within a 50-kilometer radius (Tokyo Metropolis, Kanagawa Prefecture, Chiba Prefecture, and part of Ibaraki Prefecture)
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size 7,000 effective responses
Date of Collection 1995-01-12 ~ 1995-02-20
January 12-February 20, 1995
Time Period 1995 ~ 1995
Spatial Unit ibaraki
The Metropolitan area within a 50-kilometer radius (Tokyo Metropolis, Kanagawa Prefecture, Chiba Prefecture, and part of Ibaraki Prefecture)
Sampling Procedure Probability: Simple random
Random sampling from the Residents' Basic Register.
Mode of Data Collection Questionnaires for self-report were distributed by visiting.
Investigator Recruit Research
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0117
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Recruit Research (June, 1995) Shuto-ken bijinesuman no tenshoku jittai chosa [Research on the Job Switching among Businessmen in the Capital Region]
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items Questionnaire items:
(1) Practice and consciousness of switching jobs:
Meaning of work; what Respondent emphasizes about work; degree of satisfaction with current job and company (sense of worth, evaluation of performance, paycheck, number of holidays, human relations, corporate culture, etc.); intentions for job switch; jobs switch practiced and its frequency.
--For Rs who are thinking of switching jobs--
Reasons; conditions R expects from new employer; information sources R wants to use to seek new employer; criteria for seeking new employer(before-after comparison of industry, occupation, scale, annual income, and managerial position); industry and occupation to which R wants to switch.
--For Rs who have switched jobs--
Years worked before first switch; year and R's age when employed by current firm; reasons for switch; way of finding new employer; sources of information on midcareer recruitment; criteria for seeking new employer (before-after comparison of industry, occupation, scale, annual income, and managerial position); reasons for choosing current employer; industry and size of workforce at previous firm; occupation, managerial position, and annual income before switch; occupation, managerial position, and annual income right after switch; before-after changes in working conditions (overtime work, commuting time, number of holidays, time to spare, interest of work, annual income, etc.); degree of overall satisfaction with job switch.
(2) Intentions for U-turn and I-turn job switching:
Prefecture of origin; intentions for U-turn switch; intentions for I-turn switch.
--For Rs who want to make U-turn switch-
Reasons; information sources R wants to use; barriers; annual income desired; family consensus.
--For Rs who want to make I-turn switch-
Reasons; prefecture desired for switch.
(3) Interest in new work styles:
Intentions for overseas assignment; region of overseas assignment desired; side job held in past; side job held now; future intentions for side job and reasons; R's current strengths as businessman; image of ideal businessman R pursues; intentions for independence.
--For Rs who want to become independent-
Timing of and age for independence; recognition of "franchise system"; form of independence desired; reasons for desiring independence.
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Working conditions
Social and occupational mobility
Topics in SSJDA Employment/Labor
Version 1 : 1999-10-13
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.