University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 0145
Survey Title Social Networks and Voting Behavior, 1993
Depositor The Comparative National Elections Project (CNEP) Japanese Team
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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Nesstar Not available
Summary Today's media trends in a multi-media age and changes in social networks--called "intermediary" when combined--constitute crucial parameters regulating people's consciousness and behavior. The Cross-National Election Project (CNEP) began in 1987 with the emergence of the political culture approach to the study of voting behavior--a new current emphasizing sociological intervening variables as opposed to the conventional Michigan School approach emphasizing psychological ones. The project is large on scale and encompasses more than a decade in duration. Its essential features lie in (1) the measurement and comparison of voting behavior in Japan, the United States, Britain, and Germany by using a common questionnaire as well as a common theoretical framework; (2) the adoption of the "intermediary" theory as the common theoretical framework; and (3) the through discussion among the project members from the four countries in an effort to bring about the closest comparison possible. This Japanese survey project, a part of the broader cross-national project, consists of three surveys: a Tokushima City's mayoral election survey, a Chiba Prefecture's gubernatorial election survey, and a national survey of a House of Representatives election. The first two are preliminary. The three surveys used a common questionnaire and more or less the same methods. For the locals ones, however, the questionnaire was also applied to the respondents' spouses.
Universe [Nationwide Survey]
Men and women 20 years of age and over.
[Tokushima and Chiba Surveys]
Men and women 20 years of age and over, and their spouses.
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size [National Survey]
1,333 returned valid responses.
[Tokushima Survey]
A sample of 800, of whom 578 (72.3%) returned valid responses. A sample of 456 spouses, of whom 362 (67.1%) did the same.
[Chiba Survey]
A sample of 800, of whom 537 (67.1%) returned valid responses. A sample of 456 spouses, of whom 320 (72.4%) did the same.
Time Period [National Survey]
July 15-17, 1993 (or a 3 day period preceding the July 18 Lower House election).
[Tokushima Survey]
February 14-20, 1993 (or a week period preceding the February 21 mayoral election).
[Chiba Survey]
March 5-13, 1993 (or a week period preceding the March 14 gubernatorial election).
Spatial Unit [National Survey] Nationwide
[Tokushima Survey] Tokushima City
[Chiba Survey] Chiba Prefecture
Sampling Procedure [National Survey] Quota method. 200 localities were selected and about 10 respondents were allocated to each.
[Tokushima Survey] Random sampling
[Chiba Survey] Random sampling
Mode of Data Collection [National Survey] Face-to-face interview
[Tokushima and Chiba Surveys] Face-to-face interviews for respondents and self-administered questionnaires for their spouses.
Investigator CNEP Japanese Team (Hiroshi AKUTO and 10 others)
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Hiroshi Akuto (January 2000) Sosharu nettowaku to tohyo kodo (Social Networks and Voting Behavior), Mokutakusha.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Zenkoku Chosa-hyo][Tokushima Chosa-hyo][Chiba Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items [Demographic items]
Sex; marital status; age; occupation; education; number of household members; number of years in current dwelling place; annual household income; self-evaluation of living standard; type of dwelling.
[Questionnaire items]
Number of network partners and their relations; parties Respondent expects personal network partners to vote for; amount of political conversation and conversation partners; relationship between frequency of contact and political conversations; evaluation of political knowledge; degree of political opinion disagreement; five types by voting consciousness; newspaper R reads most frequently and its favorite parties; access to TV news programs and their favorite candidates' parties; social and personal networks (most important group/organization and its voting request to R, voting intentions of people R talked with about important issues in past 6 months); expectations about the election result to come; political regime desired, etc.
Date of Release 2000/04/26
Version Registered on April 26, 2000.
Topics Politics/Administration/Election
Society/Culture
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.