University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 0156
Survey Title Survey on Working Attitudes and Employment Behavior among Women, 1996
Depositor The Japan Institute for Labour Policy and Training
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Nesstar Not available
Summary The so-called M-curve shifted, the form of employment became diversified, and the number of non-regular workers increased. These are among the recent changes in the female work force. And it is argued that behind these changes has been a shift in women's occupational and career orientations. Specifically, it has been pointed out that no more women wish to continue paid work than before while more women intend to re-employed or orient themselves to professional careers. This survey captures a real picture of and changes in women's occupational and career consciousness, and analyzes why they have such consciousness and why it is changing--by looking into their demographic characteristics and life consciousness in general. By doing so, the survey aims to estimate the future rate of female work force. The survey covers regular workers, non-regular workers, and non-workers, asking the three groups the fewest different questions possible. Also, in relation to this survey, an Interview Survey of Highly Educated Homemakers was conducted in the next year.
Universe Women aged between 20 and 44
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size A sample of 1,500, of whom 1,026 (68.4%) returned valid responses (307 regular workers, 306 part-time, temporary, self-employed, and petty home workers, and 413 non-working women).
Time Period March, 1996
Spatial Unit The Tokyo Metropolis within a 30-kilometer radius, Fukushima City, and Hiroshima City.
Sampling Procedure Two-stage random sampling, using residents' basic registers.
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaires (and some interviews)
Investigator The Japan Institute of Labour
Sponsors (Funds) The Ministry of Labor
Related Publications (by the Investigator) The Japan Institute of Labour (April 1997) Josei no shokugyo kyaria ishiki to shugyo kodo ni kansuru kenkyu: Chosa-kenkyu hokoku-sho No.99 (Research Study Report No.99, Study of Women's Occupational and Career Consciousness and Behavior).
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Seishain you Chosa-hyo][Part timer you Chosa-hyo][Mushoku you Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items I Demographic items
Age; education; living conditions (marital status, age married, husband's education, husband's occupation, husband's annual income, number of children, children's age, number of people living with Respondent and their relations to R, home ownership and loans).
II Employment consciousness and occupational history
(1) Attitude to work in women's lifecycle (occupational history and actual pattern, reasons for continuing work, reasons for quitting work at marriage/childbirth).
(2) Occupational history (number of years employed, occupational history, reasons for leaving last employer).
(3) Current occupation and occupational consciousness (position, form of employment, size of employer, employer's industry, main job, seniority, average work hours, commuting time, opinion of and satisfaction with job and workplace, job relations between regular and non-regular workers, desire to become regular, desire for job switching, how and why R started business).
(4) First employer (form of employment, size of employer, employer's industry, main job, degree of prior understanding of job, last 5 years' workplace changes affecting women).
(5) Support system for women (ever taken a child leave, desire to take a child leave, desire to take a care leave and use a re-employment program).
(6) Work view (work hours, salary, form of employment, employment stability, promotion).
(7) Participation in social activities
(8) Mother's employment situation
(9) View of effect/impact of mother's employment on children.
(10) Selection of spouse and husband-wife communication.
(11) Preferences in daily life in general.
Date of Release 2000/03/31
Version Registered on March 13, 2000.
Topics Employment/Labor
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.