University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 0286
Survey Title Questionnaire Survey on Part-time Work and Attitudes among Young People, 2000
Depositor Former Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Labor
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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Nesstar Not available
Summary What is the reason behind the recent high unemployment rate and job turnover among young people? Is it caused by a change in the industrial structure, where there has been a decrease in the number of stable jobs such as jobs in the manufacturing industry, and there has been an increase in short-term, routine jobs, including part-time jobs in service industries? Alternatively, is it an indication of the job-seeking activities of the youth, that is, young people continue to change jobs to seek their ideal and achieve self-realization? Is it necessary to group people who continue to work as part-time employees into one category from here on?
Therefore, we tried to understand how young people with part-time jobs manage their careers. The purpose of this study is to examine if young people working as part-time employees perceive themselves as temporary employees or view their part-time jobs as contributors to their career development. By using self-response questionnaires, the study tried to clarify whether young people working as part-time employees chose the current working conditions voluntarily or because of involuntary unemployment. Interviews were conducted as well.
Universe Young, part-time employees below the age of 39
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size Size of the distribution: 3200, effective response rate: 604 (18.9%)
Time Period 2000/08/10
Spatial Unit Tokyo
Sampling Procedure Questionnaires were distributed to companies belonging to family restaurants and the service station industry, which are the two typical industries employing part-time employees as the regular workforce.
-Family restaurant industry: The targets were 35 corporations listed in the JF Yearbook, 2000 (member list of the Japan Food Service Association). To each company, 10?100 copies of the questionnaire were sent. The respective headquarters of each company was asked to distribute the questionnaires to each of its locations.
-Service station industry: The targets were 111 corporations that are board members of the Association of Tokyo oil industry. Five copies of the questionnaire were sent to each company and headquarters of each company was asked to distribute the questionnaires to each location.
Mode of Data Collection The method used to distribute questionnaires is described above. The completed questionnaires were collected by post. (The participants posted the completed questionnaires.)
Investigator Tokyo Metropolitan Labor Research Institute
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Daitoshi jakunen arubaito no shuro to ishiki [Work and attitude toward work among young people working as part-time employees in the Metropolis], Studies of Working Women No.16, March 2000, Tokyo Metropolitan Labor Research Institute
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items [Demographic items]
Sex, age, education (if Respondent ("R" hereafter) commutes to school, category of the school, and career options after graduation), type of family unit, and marital status

[Questionnaire items]
(1) Current employment status:
Job description, type of store, other part-time jobs, working days per week, working hours per week, income in the previous month, length of continuous employment, channel of employment, and reasons for working as a part-time employee

(2)Job experience, part-time work experience:
Experience as a part-time employee and evaluation of the experience (delightful, good, difficult, and bad experiences), duration of employment as a part-time employee, experience and duration of employment as a full-time employee, number of companies worked for, and continuity in work content

(3) Working style in the future:
Desired working style in a few years, desired working style 10 years from now, and desired jobs

(4)Family relationships, modes of spending:
The family's opinion regarding the part-time job, support from the family, and modes of spending income earned from the part-time job
Date of Release 2003/05/12
Version Registered: May 12, 2003
Topics Employment/Labor
Notes for Users