University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0287
Survey Title Survey on the Actualities of Female Employment and Utilization of their Professional Abilities, 1999
Depositor Hiroki Sato
(Former Name:Former Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Labor)
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. SSJDA's approval required.
Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Nesstar Not available
Summary Women's participation in the labor market has been advancing remarkably as a result of their strong willingness to work. Given these circumstances, women's working styles have become diversified. Other than full time employees, the number of non-full-time employees, including part-time, contract, and temporary workers, has been increasing; thus, a trend of diversification of employment and working conditions can be observed. It is assumed that this trend is sparked by a change in the work environment and consciousness of lifestyle.
On the other hand, work opportunities seem to be expanding not only in companies but also in non-profitable social activities including community welfare and environmental protection. The results of this study have been reported in "A diversified workforce of women and the use of occupational capabilities, 2000," and it broadly explores the status of the diversified workforce of women. In addition, it investigates the background and factors behind the diversification of women's working styles from the perspective of working conditions, willingness to use occupational abilities, lifestyle, and value by expanding the scope of the study from paid-work to include non-paid work, which comprises volunteer activities triggered by the Hanshin Awaji earthquake by labor-management unions, employees, and local residents. Data offered by SSJDA is the result of the "Research on female workers' actual conditions and use of occupational ability"; in this study, participants were contacted and brought together by companies, in order to understand the status of employment and social participation of employed women. Another study, "Research on the attitude and use of occupational abilities by women participating in social activities," was conducted in parallel to understand the working conditions, occupational history, and willingness to work; this report focused on participants in non-profit organizational activities, and contact was established through social activity organizations.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Women working with an organization in Tokyo
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size Size of the distribution: 2985. Response rate: 905 (30.3%)
Date of Collection 1999-09-01 ~ 1999-09-01
Time Period 1999 ~ 1999
Spatial Unit Tokyo
Sampling Procedure -Considering all the industries, except civil services in Tokyo, for organizations with more than 100 full-time employees, on average, four copies of the questionnaire were distributed. The number of companies targeted was 604 and 2,356 copies of the questionnaire were distributed.
-In addition, 629 copies of the questionnaire were distributed to 15 organizations that actively employed a female workforce.
Mode of Data Collection Completed questionnaires were returned by post.
Investigator Former Tokyo Metropolitan Labor Research Institute
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0287
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Josei rodo no tayoka to shokugyou nouryoku no Katsuyou [Diversified women workforce and use of occupational capability], 2000, Josei rodo kenkyu [Studies on female employment] No.15, June 2000, Tokyo Metropolitan Labor Research Institute
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items (1) Current employment status:
Occupation, industry, number of employees, employment conditions, number of years employed, hours worked per week (regular season, busy season), time taken for a one-way commute, number of working days per week, work on weekends, fatigue as a result of work, number of paid holidays per year, the rate of using paid holidays and the ease of obtaining paid holidays, allocation of work and working conditions, the status of utilizing occupational capabilities, reasons for work, stress from work, experiences related to changes in jobs, number of jobs changed, experiences related to an occupational break lasting more than one year, total years at work, willingness to continue with the current job, and the desired job

Work styles and lifestyle in the future, satisfaction and motivation in life, allocation of time between work and non-work activities (current, desired)

(3) Social participation:
If Respondent("R" hereafter) considers social participation as a means to realizing his/her ability, then the experience of participating in social activities, area of the activity, and reasons for participation are considered. If a transportation fee is paid, income other than the actual expenditure, allocation of time to participate in social activities, utilization of R's occupational capabilities, the employer's acceptance of R's participation in social activities, and the ability to utilize one's skills in social activities are taken into account

(4)Family environment:
Family structure (number of people living together, number of family members living together, and number of members requiring care), domestic burden shared, total annual income of all the family members, domestic satisfaction, and education
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Working conditions
Gender and gender roles
Topics in SSJDA Employment/Labor
Version 1 : 2003-05-12
Notes for Users