University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0412
Survey Title Survey on State of New Business Start-ups, 2004
Depositor Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. Depositor's approval required.
Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
Nesstar Not available
Summary The Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute has been conducting surveys in consideration of various viewpoints since 1969 in order to clarify the actual situation of new business start-ups, and since 1991, these survey results have been published annually as the "White Paper on New Business Start-ups." As of 2000, the survey excluded the real estate rental industry. All chronological data have been recounted to exclude real estate rental businesses.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe New start-ups
Unit of Observation Individual,Organization
Sample Size Sample size: 9,915 companies, number of responses: 2,945 companies (response rate: 29.7%)
Date of Collection
Time Period
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure 9,915 companies within one year of startup (including companies yet to start trading) at the time of financing from among the companies financed by the National Life Finance Corporation between April and September 2003.
Mode of Data Collection Mail survey (anonymous responses)
Investigator Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items (1) Business overview
Industry, management type, use of the "minimum capital regulation special system," franchise chain affiliation

(2) Management
Gender, age, highest level of educational attainment, occupation immediately before start-up, number of employees at the place of employment immediately before start-up, turnover form at the place of employment immediately before start-up

(3) Background of start-up
Motivation for opening a business, reason for deciding on the current type of business, breakdown of opening costs, breakdown of start-up funding sources, reasons for not receiving a loan from a private financial institution to cover start-up costs.

(4) Business conditions
Start-up year/age, breakdown of the number of employees at the time of start-up and the current number of employees, current performance (business conditions compared to other companies in the same industry, sales trend monthly sales, target monthly sales before start-up, profitability), current business obstacles, intent to go public in the future

(5) Opening plan
Participation in entrepreneurship seminars and workshops before start-up, items to consider with respect to start-up plans, basis for sales forecasts, the most important factors when selecting a start-up business location, people who offered advice during start-up plans/number of people, whether the start-up plan was well thought out, management considerations in case start-up plans do not proceed as anticipated, sales promotion (PR) activities at the time of start-up, degree of match between expected customer group before start-up and the current customer group, etc.
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Topics in SSJDA Economy/Industry/Management
Version 2005/11/04 :
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.