University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0515
Survey Title The Questionnaire Survey on Work and Life of Workers, 2005.10
Depositor JTUC Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards
(Former Name:Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards)
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. SSJDA's approval required.
Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
Nesstar Not available
Summary This survey aims to clarify economic, employment, and living trends as seen from the perspective of workers and to obtain basic information with which to consider policy issues from the perspective of improving employment and quality of life. This is done by periodically exploring workers’ attitudes toward economic trends in Japan and their current state of work and living.

The survey has been conducted regularly in April and October of every year since the first survey in April 2001, and this is the 10th survey. Previous surveys are archived in the SSJDA.

In the Japanese economy, the feared economic environment is leveling off, and the recovery phase, which has been gradual and prolonged, is continuing. However, the distribution of outcomes to the household sector remains insufficient as compared with improvements in the corporate sector. Problems of polarization and expansion of inequality in various areas of work and life have also been pointed out.

In this survey, we have made the following changes from the perspective that we need to respond to future issues and changes that would occur after five years from the start of the survey.

(1) Transferring the emphasis of the fixed-point survey from workers’ consciousness to understanding consciousness related to “evaluation of and level of satisfaction with work and life,” etc. and understanding the current situation of “quality of employment” and trends therein.

(2) Henceforth, we have added employees aged 60 to 64 to the survey sample. This is because the baby-boom generation is reaching retirement age and the employment, income, and consumption trends of people in their early 60s are drawing attention. Moreover, by gradually raising the age for starting pension payments and improving the elderly employment system, it is highly possible that consciousness of “actively working until 65 years old” will gradually prevail.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Private company employees in their 20s to early 60s who live in the Greater Tokyo Area and Kansai region
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size
Number of questionnaires distributed│     All respondents│      Employed
                         │ Valid responses  Valid response rate │Valid responses  Valid response rate
“In 20s to 50s”  900        │   798          88.7% │  762          84.7%
“In early 60s”   200        │  182          91.0% │ 158           79.0%

Although this survey targets “employees working at private companies,” the sample contains some respondents who are not employees, owing to a change in their employment status from the time they registered for the access panel and the time the survey was conducted. 36 of the respondents “in their 20s to 50s” and 24 “in their early 60s” in the current survey fall under this category of non-employees. The survey results of only employed people were analyzed. 
Date of Collection 2005-10-07 ~ 2005-10-17
2005/10/07 (Fri) – 10/17 (Mon)
Time Period 2005 ~ 2005
Spatial Unit kanto
The Greater Tokyo Area Kansai region
“In 20s to 50s”    65.2%   34.8%
“In early 60s”   66.5%   33.5%
Sampling Procedure Other
The sample allocation criteria for the original survey subjects, “people in their 20s to 50s,” were prepared the same as before, taking into account the population size of private employees in the Greater Tokyo Area and Kansai region, as well as the distribution of employees by gender/age group of the “2002 (Heisei 14) Employment Status Survey.” Based on these allocation criteria, 900 people living in the Greater Tokyo Area and Kansai region were extracted from the access panel of INTAGE Inc. (approximately 220,000 people nationwide).

In order to secure a large enough sample, we set the extraction rate of the newly-added “early 60’s” group at nearly four times that of the “20’s to 50’s” group. With respect to private employees of “60 to 64 years old” in the “2002 Employment Status Survey,” the sample distribution criteria were prepared in consideration of distribution by gender and type of employment in the Greater Tokyo Area and Kansai region. Based on these distribution criteria, 200 residents in the Greater Tokyo Area/Kansai region of “60 to 64 years old” were extracted from the access panel of the INTAGE Inc. (approximately 220,000 people nationwide).
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire: Paper
Questionnaires for self-administered mail survey were distributed

Data in the analysis are summarized separately for those in their 20s to 50s and those in their early 60s, owing the differences in sampling method for these two groups as outlined above.
Investigator Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards, survey carried out by INTAGE Inc.
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0515
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Questionnaire
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Major Survey Items Questionnaire items:

(1) Economic trends and business situation at place of employment
Current Japanese economy compared with one year ago, reasons for feeling the economic climate is good or bad, Japanese economic forecast one year later, work status, current business situation at place of employment (performance) (comparison with one year ago/forecast one year later), increase or decrease in number of employees compared to one year ago (regular employees/non-regular employees), increase or decrease in actual working hours compared with one year ago, anxiety about becoming unemployed in one year

(2) Income, consumption and living conditions
Increase or decrease in personal wage income (comparison with one year ago/forecast one year later), increase or decrease in household income (comparison with one year ago/forecast one year later), income and expenditure of entire household in the past year, sense of fluctuation in prices (comparison with one year ago/forecast one year later)

(3) Evaluation of work and life
Things respondent considers important about work, evaluation of work at the company (11 items), time allocation for work and non-work activities, whether respondent wants to work for a different company/reasons, satisfaction level with work, satisfaction level with life in general, health condition

(4) Labor union
Existence of labor union, affiliation to a union, intention of becoming a union member, whether a union is necessary

(5) Working overtime and on days off
Reasons for working outside of regular hours, whether eligible for overtime allowance, working hours system being implemented, method of determining the time when overtime allowance is paid, percentage of overtime allowance that is actually paid, reason for unpaid overtime (so-called service overtime), efforts to reduce unpaid overtime compared to one year ago

(6) Elections
Political party supported in House of Representatives general election in September this year, encouragement received during House of Representatives general election, voting behavior in national elections so far, status of voting in general election of House of Representatives in September this year, political party voted for in electoral district/political party voted for in proportional representation, reason for choosing the party voted for, situation before the voting day (of those who abstained), reason for abstention, future prospects of society and life given the result of this election

Face items:
Gender, age, marital status, highest level of educational attainment, actual working hours per week, annual personal income, household annual income, household earner other than respondent, spouse’s employment status, spouse’s actual working hours per week, newspaper respondent reads the most, employer’s industry, size by number of employees, occupation type, years of continuous employment

In addition, the access panel registration information was used for household composition, area of residence, type of residence, and number of years of residence.
Date of Release 2007/03/01
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Economic conditions and indicators
Labour relations/conflict
Working conditions
Political behaviour and attitudes
Topics in SSJDA Employment/Labor
Version 1 : 2007-03-01
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.