University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 0594
Survey Title 3rd Questionnaire on Unease in Social Life, 2007
Depositor The Nikkoso Research Foundation for Safe Society
(Former Name:Research Foundation for Safe Society)
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Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Summary This study examines public awareness concerning experiences of crime victimization, anxiety about being a victim of crime, and local public safety and crime prevention measures. It was conducted with the objective of providing the basic materials for understanding the awareness of public safety.

The survey aims to examine crime-related problems that are urgent at the time, and, on this occasion, it looks at local circumstances surrounding juvenile delinquency, crime and the situation of the community of survey subjects, and their involvement in the community.  

Furthermore, this survey has been conducted periodically to understand the interim changes in public awareness. The first survey was conducted in 2002 and the second in 2004. This is the third survey.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Men and women aged 20 and up living in municipalities across Japan as of September 30, 2007
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size Sample size: 6,000 people, number of survey responses: 1,779 people (response rate: 29.7%)
Date of Collection 2007-10-05 ~ 2007-10-29
2007/10/05 –10/29
Time Period 2007 ~ 2007
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure Probability: Multistage
Since the enactment of the Personal Information Protection Law, accessing the Basic Resident Register of local governments, if not for the purpose of surveys related to the national government, is no longer possible. For this reason, the respondents of this survey were selected using the following sampling methods:

a) As a primary extraction, the total population of the districts chosen was summed up, and 150 streets in the survey area were extracted.
b) As a secondary extraction, households in the target towns/on the target streets were extracted from the residential map.
c) Starting with the lowest block address (banchi) number in the target towns/on the target streets, every fifth house (every third house in rural districts (gun-bu)) was extracted. One household per floor was assumed for condominiums and apartments, excluding those that could be clearly identified as shops and companies.
d) Destinations were listed based on c). 40 samples were determined to be the sample size per survey location, and then survey staff was assigned to destinations to visit.
e) A list of 150 survey locations was created by the above procedure.
f) Using a list sampled according to the above, survey request forms were mailed to survey subjects in advance.
g) To minimize major biases in collection attributions at each survey location, surveys were conducted having investigators carry entry tables assigning genders and ages.
h) Investigators visited designated households based on residential maps, lists of subject households, and attribute entry tables, and asked subjects to participate in surveys, if present.
i) If multiple subjects were present in a single household, only one of them in the household would be asked to participate. The survey was conducted targeting 1,800 as sample size.
Mode of Data Collection The survey was conducted by mailing a survey request letter to sampled survey subjects in advance and then afterward by having survey staff visit. Survey subjects were asked to fill out the forms themselves, and the forms were collected on a later date.
Investigator The Nikkoso Research Foundation for Safe Society, survey carried out by the Public Opinion Research Center
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0594
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) “Survey of unease with crime – Third Survey report,” The Nikkoso Research Foundation for Safe Society, March 2008
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items (1) Experience as a crime victim and filing police reports
All types of personal crime victim experience and that of family members of the same household (16 items)/ number of times/number of reports, reasons for not reporting.

(2) Anxiety and risk perception toward crime victimization
Frequency of feeling anxious about crime victimization, anxiety about household family members encountering crime, degree of anxiety about each type of crime (21 items), awareness of possibility of self or family being the victim of various crimes (risk awareness) (21 items), locations that cause anxiety about crime, anxiety about walking alone after 11pm (self, family members)

(3) Local public safety and crime prevention measures
Public safety in the local area compared with the previous year, public safety in Japan compared with the previous year, local crime prevention activities (neighborhood patrols,municipal patrol cars,police patrols), respondent’s own crime prevention measures, requests for the police, requests for the government, voluntary crime prevention measures by local residents,intent to participate in crime prevention measures,reasons for not participating in crime prevention measures,assessment of important details for crime deterrence (individual crime prevention measures, local resident activities, municipal efforts, improvement of police activity, efforts by businesses), opinion about the installment of crime prevention cameras in public spaces, pros and cons of releasing information of convicted sex offenders

(4) Juvenile delinquency/crime
Perception of quantitative/qualitative trends in juvenile delinquency, tighter control on juvenile delinquency/ crime, whether respondent warns unknown young people about smoking, whether respondent warns known young people about smoking

(5) Local area conditions and relationship with the local area
Years of residence in current area, residents’ awareness of local area conditions, desire to continue living in the local area,presence of people in the neighborhood respondent can consult with and mutually help, presence of people around respondent with whom he or she can consult with and mutually help, awareness of local elementary and junior high school students, awareness of local leaders,level of participation in neighborhood associations and residents’ councils,participation in local volunteer organization activities,turnover of local residents,active measures by police to prevent local crime,police activities (patrols by uniformed police officers,household visits,an assignment to be stationed regularly at a neighborhood police station), local area circumstances (15 items)

(6) Attributes
Gender, age, marital status, number of household family members, area of residence, type of residence, residence structure/housing complex with number of floors/floor of residence, situation of household family members, occupation, annual household income
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Crime and law enforcement
Community, urban and rural life
Social behaviour and attitudes
Social conditions and indicators
Topics in SSJDA Security/Crime/Disaster
Version 1 : 2008-12-16
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.