University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0614
Survey Title The Questionnaire Survey on Work and Life of Workers, 2008.4
Depositor JTUC Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards
(Former Name:Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards)
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. SSJDA's approval required.
Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
SSJDA Data Analysis Not available
Summary This survey, “The Questionnaire Survey on Work and Life of Workers,” aims to clarify economic, employment, and living trends as seen from the perspective of workers and to obtain basic information with which to consider policy issues from the perspective of improving employment and quality of life. This is done by periodically exploring workers’ attitudes toward economic trends in Japan and their current state of work and living.

The survey has been conducted regularly in April and October of every year since the first survey in April 2001, and this is the 15th survey. In the 10th survey (October 2005), fixed-point survey items were revised, survey subjects were expanded to include people in their early 60s, and some other improvements were made. This survey reflects changes that were made then. All previous surveys are archived in the SSJDA.

The economic recovery of the Japanese economy has been in progress for a long time, but is currently at a standstill. Although wages are not increasing, in the background prices are rising due to hikes in crude oil prices and other factors. From the point of view of workers’ lives and work, it can be said that there has been a cessation in improvement of living conditions.

The survey items on this occasion comprise fixed-point survey items (awareness regarding economic environment, prices, jobs, life, etc.) and topic items: safety and security in life (work environment, concerns about unemployment, fatigue and stress, eating, global environmental problems).
Data Type quantitative research: micro data
Universe Private company employees in their 20s to early 60s who live in the Greater Tokyo Area and Kansai region
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size
Number of questionnaires distributed│     All respondents│      Employed
                         │ Valid responses  Valid response rate │Valid responses  Valid response rate
“In 20s to 50s”  900 people    │   805 people        89.4% │  774 people         86.0%
“In early 60s”   200 people    │  190 people         95.0% │ 170 people           85.0%

Although this survey targets “employees working at private companies,” the sample contains some respondents who are not employees, owing to a change in their employment status from the time they registered for the access panel and the time the survey was conducted. 31 of the respondents “in their 20s to 50s” and 20 “in their early 60s” in the current survey fall under this category of non-employees. The survey results of only employed people were analyzed.
Date of Collection 2008-04-04 ~ 2008-04-14
2008/04/04 (Fri) – 04/14 (Mon)
Time Period 2008 ~ 2008
Spatial Unit kanto
The Greater Tokyo Area Kansai region
“In 20s to 50s”    64.9%   35.1%
“In early 60s”   67.1%   32.9%
Sampling Procedure Other
In order to gain a sufficient sample for those in their early 60s, the sampling rate was almost four times the rate used for those in their 20s to 50s.

(1) 20s to 50s
The sample allocation criteria were prepared, taking into account the population size of private employees in the Greater Tokyo Area and Kansai region, as well as the distribution of employees by gender, age group, and employment status of the “2002 (Heisei 14) Employment Status Survey.” Based on the allocation criteria, 582 people living in the Greater Tokyo Area and 318 people living in Kansai region (900 people in total) were extracted from the access panel of INTAGE Inc. (approximately 240,000 people nationwide).

(2) People in their early 60s:
For private-sector employees in aged “60 to 64 years” in the “2002 Employment Status Survey,” the sample distribution criteria were prepared in consideration of distribution by gender and employment status in the Greater Tokyo Area and Kansai region. In accordance with these distribution criteria, a total of 200 residents in the Greater Tokyo Area/Kansai region were sampled from the access panel of INTAGE Inc. (approximately 240,000 people nationwide).
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire: Paper
Questionnaires for self-administered mail survey were distributed

Data in the analysis are summarized separately for those in their 20s to 50s and those in their early 60s, owing the differences in sampling method for these two groups as outlined above. In the report, the survey of those in their early 60s is treated only as a reference, and the summary values in the survey pertain only to employees in their 20s to 50s.
Investigator Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards, survey carried out by INTAGE Inc.
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0614
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Questionnaire
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Major Survey Items [Questionnaire items]

 <fixed point survey>

(1) Economic trends and business situation at place of employment
- Evaluation of the current Japanese economy compared with one year ago, economic forecast for Japan one year later, work status, current business situation at the place of employment (performance) (comparison with one year ago/forecast for one year hence), increase or decrease in number of employees at the place of employment compared to one year ago (regular employees/non-regular employees), increase or decrease in actual working hours compared to one year ago, anxiety about becoming unemployed in one year

(2) Income, consumption, and living conditions
- Increase or decrease in personal wage income (comparison with one year ago/forecast one year later), increase or decrease in total household consumption (comparison with one year ago), sense of fluctuation in prices (comparison with one year ago/forecast one year later)

(3) Evaluation of work and life
Things respondent considers important about work,evaluation of work at the place of employment (11 items), characteristics of work and degree of discretion (10 items), sense of excess or insufficiency of workers in relation to volume of work, performance/outcome based wage and benefit differences for regular employees compared to five years ago, time allocation for work and non-work activities, whether respondent wants to work for a different company/reasons, involvement with company (organization) and work, satisfaction level with work, satisfaction level with life in general, subjective symptoms (13 items) in the last month,stress from job and in workplace compared to one year ago, health condition

(4) Labor union
 - Presence of labor union, membership status, intention of becoming a member, whether a labor union is necessary

< Topic survey > “Safety and security in life”

(5) Environmental problems
Interest in global environmental problems such as global warming, corporate efforts to address global environmental problems, efforts in the workplace, use of ingenuity and efforts at home, thoughts on global environmental problems (cost burden, effort and time, convenience and comfort)

(6) Dietary habits
Awareness of having metabolic syndrome, breakfast intake on working days, time required for lunch on working days, contents of dinner on working days, dietary habits one is being careful about, degree of anxiety about food safety, points of concern about food safety, priority when buying food (safety and price), Japan’s food self-sufficiency ratio, thoughts on Japan’s food self-sufficiency level

(7) Working environment
Existence of employment rules, whether or not employment rules were explained, awareness of the location of employment rules, whether receiving medical checkups, awareness of revised contents of “Part-Time Employment Act”

[Face items]
Gender, age, marital status, highest level of educational attainment, actual working hours per week, annual personal wage income, annual household income, presence of household wage income earner besides respondent, spouse’s employment status, spouse’s actual working hours per week, contributor to the household economy, number of children, age of the youngest child, political party supported,support for the current Cabinet,employer’s industry, size of company by number of employees, occupation type, years of continuous employment

In addition, the access panel registration information was used for area of residence, household composition, type of residence, years at residence.
Date of Release 2009/05/26
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Income, property and investment/saving
Labour relations/conflict
Working conditions
Social behaviour and attitudes
Topics in SSJDA Employment/Labor
Version 1 : 2009-05-26
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.