University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0642
Survey Title Survey of Attitudes among the Elderly toward Daily Life, 2004
Depositor Director General for Policies on Cohesive Society, Cabinet Office, The Government of Japan
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' on the SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. SSJDA's approval required.
Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
SSJDA Data Analysis Not available
Summary The elderly are, on the whole, healthy, active, and financially prosperous. On the other hand, the appearance and circumstances of the elderly are diverse, encompassing many factors in daily life, including gender, health status, economic power, family structure, housing, and other individual hobbies and preferences.

In such circumstances, to properly promote measures for an aged society and build a prosperous society where the elderly can live healthy and fulfilling lives, it is important to assess current conditions related to daily life from the perspective of the elderly living everyday lives.

From this point of view, this survey aims at understanding elderly’s actual situation of and attitudes to the everyday life, starting with the conditions of daily life, levels of satisfaction with routine, and necessities of life including food, clothing, and shelter, as well as housework, going out, and daily enjoyment. Also, through chronological analysis against a previous survey (conducted in 1998), it aims to contribute to promoting measures for the aging society.
Data Type quantitative research: micro data
Universe Men and women aged 60 years and older in Japan
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size Sample size: 4,000 people
Valid responses (rate): 2,862 people (71.6%)
Date of Collection 2004-11-18 ~ 2004-12-05
2004/11/18 – 12/05
Time Period 2004 ~ 2004
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure Probability: Stratified
Probability: Multistage
Two-stage stratified random sampling
Mode of Data Collection Face-to-face interview
Face-to-face interview
Investigator Director General for Policies on Cohesive Society, Cabinet Office, Government of Japan,survey carried out by Shin Joho Center, Inc.
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0642
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items A. Matters related to respondent’s basic attributes
Gender (F1),age (F2),form of cohabitation (F3),health condition (F4),necessity of long-term care (F5),impact of health-related problems on daily life (F6),whether or not respondent has an income-earning job (F7),current occupation (F7SQ),longest-held occupation (F8),type of residence (F9),economic situation (F10),average monthly income (F11),whether or not respondent participate in social activities (F12)

B. Matters related to basic life
Satisfaction with daily life in general (Q1),concerns about daily life in the future (Q2),reasons for feeling anxieties (Q2-SQ),whether respondent sometimes faces inconvenience in daily life (Q3),situation in which respondent faces inconvenience (Q3-SQ),use of welfare devices/equipment to support mobility (Q4),usage of drop-in or in-home welfare services (Q5),what respondent especially seeks to keep in mind on a daily basis (Q6)

C.Matters related to clothing
Degree of satisfaction with clothing (Q7),opinion on commercial clothing (Q8),degree of interest in fashion (Q9),fashion interests (Q9-SQ)

D. Matters related to eating habits
Degree of satisfaction with general eating habits (Q10),eating with family (Q11),family members respondent eat with (Q11-SQ),person who prepares meals (Q12) using restaurants/lunchbox/meal services (Q13),concerns about eating habits (Q14),intention to use various food services when preparing meals is no longer a possibility (Q15)

E.Matters related to residence
Complaints about the residence (Q16),obstacles in home structure/design (Q17)

F.Matters related to daily life behavior/attitudes
Situation of daily housework (Q18),opinions of housework (Q19),situation of going out in daily life (Q20),main means of transportation while going out (Q21),difficulties faced when going out (Q22)

G.Matters related to enjoyable daily activities
Enjoyable day-to-day activities (Q23),activities respondent would like to try in the future (Q24),interest in various NPO activities (Q25)

H.Matters related to daily life information
Degree of satisfaction with daily life information (Q26),sources of daily life information (Q27), sources of information for the elderly (Q28),points of dissatisfaction with daily life information (Q29), desired daily life information (Q30)

How old is elderly (Q31), things related to everyday life that should be emphasized as a society (Q32)
Date of Release 2010/05/27
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Social behaviour and attitudes
Topics in SSJDA Society/Culture
Version 1 : 2010-05-27
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.