University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0755
Survey Title Fact-Finding Survey on Long-term Care Work, 2009
Depositor Care Work Foundation
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. SSJDA's approval required.
Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
Nesstar Not available
Summary This survey collects information and studies the employment of and welfare for long-term care workers, in order to develop policies for securing long-term care workers and promoting employment security/welfare for long-term care workers, creating employment and improving work environments in the long-term care field, and improving employment management for long-term care workers, etc. It consists of a survey for workplaces (hereinafter, the [Workplace Survey]) and a survey for long-term care workers (hereinafter, the [Worker Survey]).

The [Workplace Survey] has been conducted annually since 2002 (Heisei 14) and the [Worker Survey] since 2003 (Heisei 15), and for the 2009 (Heisei 21) edition of the survey, as before, discussion meetings with experts were held to decide on survey methods, survey items/contents, etc. before conducting the survey.

Notable characteristics of the 2009 survey are that the [Workplace Survey] adds new survey items on managerial responses in conjunction with revisions of long-term care fees, and subsidies/grants, and emphasizes gathering detailed information on each of these matters, and that the [Worker Survey] adds new survey items on “what was explained and implemented as improvements to treatment in response to revisions of long-term care fees,” “impetus for accepting the job,” etc., and the survey has been designed to gather detailed information on these matters.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe [Workplace Survey]
Workplaces that carry out long-term care services designated by long-term care insurance

[Worker Survey]
Employees of the above workplaces, who carry out long-term care work
Unit of Observation Individual,Organization
Sample Size [Workplace Survey]
Samples extracted(numbers of questionnaires distributed): 17,184 workplaces
Valid surveys(excluding business closures and cessation, etc.): 16,860 workplaces
Number of valid responses: 7,515 workplaces
Valid response rate: 44.6%
*Regarding the employment status, working conditions, and other individual circumstances of long-term care workers who work in the workplaces that responded (Question 26), survey items have been included for individual long-term care workers at the surveyed workplaces in the workplace survey.

[Worker Survey]
Number of valid target workers: 50,580 people
Number of valid responses: 20,630 people
Valid response rate: 40.8%
Date of Collection 2009-11-01 ~ 2009-11-30
Survey reference day: In principle, October 1, 2009
Survey period: 2009/11/01–11/30
Time Period 2009 ~ 2009
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure Probability: Simple random
[Workplace Survey]
Workplaces were extracted (17,184 organizations: approximately ¼ extracted at random) from the Welfare and Medical Service Agency’s WAMNET “list of facilities carrying out insurance-designated long-term care services (as of October 1, 2009)” as providing long-term care services designated by long-term care insurance (hereinafter, “long-term care services”) (after processing to combine organizations with the same address, same applicant name (incorporated name), etc., because the list has separate entries for each long-term care service), and used as the targets for the survey of workplaces.

[Worker Survey]
The Worker Survey was conducted on 51,552 workers engaged in long-term care work who are employed at the surveyed workplaces.
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire: Paper
[Workplace Survey]
The “questionnaire for the Workplace Survey” was distributed to the extracted workplaces by mail and collected by mail.

[Worker Survey]
Questionnaire survey (self-administered). Three copies of the “questionnaire for the Worker Survey” were enclosed for the sampled workplaces for the Workplace Survey, and workplace managers were requested to distribute the questionnaires to no more than 3 workers. They were requested to select the 3 workers from different occupation types and employment status among the employees engaged in the primary “long-term care service” provided at the workplace, and the questionnaires were collected directly from respondents by mail. Responses were aggregated at the Care Work Foundation.
Investigator Care Work Foundation
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0755
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) “Heisei 21-nendo kaigo rōdō jittai chōsa: Jigyōsho ni okeru kaigo rōdō jittai chōsa: Kekka hōkokusho” [2009 fact-finding survey on long-term care work: Fact-finding survey on long-term care work in organizations: Report of results], Care Work Foundation (in Japanese)
“Heisei 21-nendo kaigo rōdō jittai chōsa: Kaigo rōdōsha no shūgyō jittai to shūgyō ishiki chōsa: Kekka hōkokusho” [2009 fact-finding survey on long-term care work: Fact-finding and attitude survey on long-term care worker employment: Report of results], Care Work Foundation (in Japanese)
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items [Workplace Survey]
1. General overview of organization and workplace
Corporate status, businesses other than long-term care services, location, month and year when the long-term care business opened, types of long-term care services, employees’ employment status, number of employees, number of people hired/number of people who left job

2. State of employment management
Employment regulations, clarification of working conditions, surplus or shortfall of employees, periodic recruitment of new graduates, state of employee retention, employment managers

3. Operational issues
Business conditions, operational issues, revision of long-term care fees, subsidies/grants, proportion of labor costs, strategies for preventing early leaving/promoting retention

4. State of education/training for home-visit care workers, care workers
Management method for home-visit care workers, personnel development, education/training at the time of hiring, OJT methods

5. Workers’ individual circumstances
Attributes, wages, actual number of days/hours worked

[Worker Survey]
1. Regarding current job
Occupation type, years of experience, rank at work, years of employment, employment status/mode of work, qualifications held

2. Regarding working conditions and working days/working hours, etc.
Explanation of working conditions at the time of hiring, number of working days/ hours, number of hours providing long-term care, number of overtime hours, work at other workplaces, late-night work

3. Regarding wages, etc.
Form of wage payment, monthly income, annual income, what was implemented in response to revisions of long-term care fees, desires for wages and allowances, etc.

4. Regarding skill development
Training at the time of employment, health and safety training, presence of someone in charge of guidance, number of training sessions attended, long-term care staff basic training

5. Thoughts about job
Reasons for choosing the job, thoughts about current job and workplace, level of satisfaction with job, intention to continue, workplace characteristics

6. Worries, concerns, dissatisfaction, etc. with work
Working conditions, personal relationships in the workplace, users and their families, state of efforts in the workplace

7. Regarding the respondent himself/herself
Reasons/impetus for accepting the job, work status after graduating, work experience, job held preceding the current job/form of employment/reasons for leaving the job, gender, age, highest level of educational attainment, marital status, primary household earner

*For details of survey items, please refer to the questionnaire.
Date of Release 2012/12/13
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Employee training
Working conditions
Social welfare systems/structures
Topics in SSJDA Social Security/Welfare
Version 1 : 2012-12-13
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.