University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0773
Survey Title Waseda and Yomiuri Joint-Survey on Social Expectations and the General Election in Japan (Waseda-CASI&PAPI2009), 2009
Depositor W-CASI (Waseda Computer-Assisted Self-administered Interview) Research Project 2009
(Former Name:W-CASI Research Project 2009)
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. SSJDA's approval required.
Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
SSJDA Data Analysis Not available
Summary This survey was conducted before and after the Lower House election of 2009 using a public opinion poll on computers (CASI method) and a regular interview survey using paper questionnaires (PAPI method), with the purpose of clarifying the political behavior, social consciousness, and political attitudes of voters in the Lower House election through a two-wave national opinion poll (panel survey).

The survey items include “voting and political participation,” “expectations for society and politics,” “attitudes towards supporting political parties and policy issues in the election,” “knowledge and evaluation of politics,” “attributes of the subject,” etc.

In addition, this research group has been conducting national opinion polls on a continuous basis, mainly during national elections, since 2003. The survey period and survey names of each survey are as described below.

Survey name Survey of Attitudes toward the Open Society (JSS-GLOPE2003-04)
Survey period 1st and 2nd waves: October - November 2003
           3rd and 4th waves: June - July 2004

Survey name Survey on the social and political consciousness of Japanese people in the 21st century (GLOPE2005-07)
Survey period 1st wave: November 2005
           2nd wave: February 2007

Survey name Survey on Social Attitudes and the Upper House Election in Japan (Waseda-CASI&PAPI 2007)
Survey period 1st wave: June - July 2007
             2nd wave: August - September 2007

Survey name Waseda and Yomiuri Joint-Survey on Social Expectations in Japan (Waseda-PAPI2009)
Survey period February – March 2009

Survey name Waseda and Yomiuri Joint-Survey on Social Expectations and the General Election in Japan (Waseda-CASI&PAPI 2009)
Survey period 1st wave: August 2009
           2nd wave: September 2009

Survey name “Waseda and Yomiuri Joint-Survey on Social Expectations and the Upper-House Election in Japan (Waseda-CASI2010)
Survey period 1st wave: June - July 2010
           2nd wave: July - August 2010

Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Male and Female aged 20 years and older in Japan
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size [Pre election]
CASI: target sample size: 1,840, number of valid responses: 763, response rate: 41.5%
PAPI: target sample size: 1,840, number of valid response: 840, response rate: 45.7%
Total: target sample size: 3,680, number of valid response: 1,603, response rate: 43.6%

[Post election]
CASI: target sample size: 763, number of valid response: 598, response rate: 78.4%
PAPI: target sample size: 840, number of valid response: 694, response rate: 82.6%
Total: target number of samples: 1,603, number of valid response: 1,292, response rate: 80.6%
Date of Collection 2009-08-08 ~ 2009-08-29
A two-wave survey of the 2009 Lower House election and the post-election survey
(Public announcement on August 18, 2009 and election day on August 30, 2009)
[Pre-election survey] 2009/08/08 – 08/29
[Post-election survey] 2009/09/05 – 09/07
Time Period 2009 ~ 2009
Spatial Unit Japan
All over Japan
Sampling Procedure Probability: Stratified
Probability: Multistage
Two-stage stratified random sampling
(Mainly from the voter registration lists, partly from the Basic Resident Register)
CASI: 115 sites, PAPI: 115 sites
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire: Computer-assisted (CASI)
(1) A public opinion poll for which respondents input their responses into laptops provided by interviewers (CASI method) and,
(2) a regular interview using paper questionnaires (PAPI method)
Each conducted simultaneously for the pre- and post-election survey for the 2009 Lower House election.

The CASI survey program is published at the following URL:
Investigator 2009 W-CASI Study Group, surveys carried out by Nippon Research Center Ltd.
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0773
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Questionnaire
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Major Survey Items ―――――――――――――――――――
Preliminary survey (August 2009)
(1) Access to information / political interest
- Watching TV news and subscribing to newspapers, Internet use, political interest

(2) Recognition of and support for political parties
- Recognition of parties, emotional temperature in relation to parties/non-partisans, support for parties, support for the Cabinet, satisfaction with politics

(3) Expectations for society and politics
- Current and future living conditions, current and future Japanese economy

(4) Knowledge and evaluation of politics
- Knowledge about justice/public administration/legislation, awareness of individual politicians

(5) Attitudes toward supporting political parties and policy issues in the election
- Opinions on politics, desirable distribution of power (Upper House and Lower House), the whole concept of coalition government when the Liberal Democratic Party or the Democratic Party is in office, awareness of the importance of policy, evaluation of policy

(6) Political position
- Political position (conservative or progressive), recognition of and position toward the importance of various political problems (politicians’ hereditary succession, consumption tax increase, corporations’ donation to parties)

(7) Thoughts and evaluation of the Liberal Democratic Party and Democratic Party
- Satisfaction level, expectation level, disappointment level, evaluation of ability to hold the reins of government

(8) Voting and political participation
- Recognition of the importance of elections, attitude toward this (2009) Lower House election, thoughts on the relationship between citizens and election/politics, plan for voting (single-seat electoral district and proportionally represented district), vote in the previous (2005) Lower House election

(9) Respondent’s attributes
- Gender, birth month and year, years at residence and type of residence, highest level of educational attainment, income, work status and occupation of respondent and household head

Post-survey (September 2009)
(1) Access to information
- Newspaper subscriptions, Internet use

(2) Vote in the Lower House election
- Candidate and party voted for in the Lower House election (candidate in a single-seat electoral district and party in a proportionally represented district), timing for deciding whom to vote for, canvassing from candidates/parties

(3) Expectations for society and politics
- Opinion on politics, political position (conservative or progressive), trust in various organizations/groups/institutions, trust in others, the goals of Japan in the next ten years

(4) Political participation
- Voting/running as a candidate/assisting a campaign during election, political party activities, contacts and communications with national Diet members/local assembly members, participation in protests and rallies, referendums, etc.

(5) Affiliation to organizations and groups, canvassing from groups to vote
- Residents’ associations/neighborhood associations, PTAs, fellow trading member association, labor unions, Co-ops/consumer organizations, volunteer organizations, resident movement organizations, religious organizations, etc.

(6) The saiban-in (lay judge) system 
- Awareness of the lay judge system, thoughts on influence of the lay judge system, whether respondent wants to participate as a lay judge

(7) Attitude to politics and political parties
- Party that respondent feels close to, thoughts on the relationship between citizens and elections/politics

(8) Respondent’s attributes
- Gender, birth month and year

*For details of survey items, please refer to the questionnaire.

Date of Release 2014/05/13
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Political behaviour and attitudes
Social behaviour and attitudes
Topics in SSJDA Politics/Administration/Election
Version 1 : 2014-05-13
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.

Codebooks in English are available from the following website.

Data presented as follows:
- wC&P09-Main_Ver1 (Pre and post-election data)
- wC&P09-Time_Ver1 (Time data: response time, interrupted time)
- wC&P09-Sequence_Ver1 (Responding order data: order to randomly represent alternatives, selection order of questions with multiple answers)
- wC&P09-Error_Ver1 (Error data)