University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0830
Survey Title Fact-finding Survey on the Work Conditions among Small and Medium-sized Enterprises, 2006
Depositor National Federation of Small Business Associations
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' on the SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. SSJDA's approval required.
Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
SSJDA Data Analysis Not available
Summary The purpose of this survey is to accurately apprehend work conditions in small and medium-sized enterprises and to contribute to the establishment of appropriate labor policies in small and medium-sized enterprises and the promotion of timely labor support by the National Federation.

The National Federation of Small Business Associations and the Prefectural Federation of Small Business Associations have conducted the “Fact-finding Survey on Work Conditions among Small and Medium-sized Enterprises” since 1964, with this being the 43rd survey. This survey targets approximately 45,000 workplaces but with 67.4% of respondents having 30 or fewer employees, it especially reveals work conditions of small-scale businesses. In addition to basic items relating to pay, working hours, employment, and management, etc. that need to be captured in time series, this survey also investigates items related to the labor climate of each year.

This year, in addition to the time series items of management status and obstacles, working hours (beginning with fixed weekly working hours), wage reform status, and starting salary of new graduates, there are questions on use of part-time workers, continuous employment of elderly people given the Amendment to the Act on Stabilization of Employment of Elderly Persons on April 1, 2006, effect of baby-boom generation’s retirement in the near future on management, etc.
Data Type quantitative research: micro data
Universe Businesses with 300 or fewer employees (100 or fewer for the wholesaling industry, 50 or fewer for the retail industry, and 100 or fewer for the service industry)
Unit of Observation Organization
Sample Size Sample size: 45,152, number of responses: 18,120, response rate: 40.1%
Date of Collection 2006-07-01 ~ 2006-07-01
Time Period 2006 ~ 2006
Spatial Unit Japan
Japan (except Fukushima and Tochigi prefectures)
Sampling Procedure Probability: Stratified
Sampling was based on “the 2004 (Heisei 16) Establishment and Enterprise Census,” in line with the number of private businesses with 300 or fewer employees (excluding agriculture, forestry, and fisheries), distributed among prefectures, with the sampling ratio based on industry and employee scale.
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire: Paper
Arbitrary sampling of target businesses from the Prefectural Federation of Small Business Associations with all distributed and collected questionnaires tabulated collectively by the National Federation of Small Business Associations
Investigator National Federation of Small Business Associations
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0830
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Questionnaire
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Major Survey Items (1) Items concerning wages
 1. Starting pay for new graduates (by undergraduate school of graduation)
2. Situation regarding wage revision (whether it was implemented between January 1 and July 1, 2006, details of revision)

(2) Items concerning working hours
 1. Scheduled weekly working hours
 2. Average monthly overtime hours
3. Number of annual paid leave days granted and used

(3) Items concerning employment
1. Employees’ employment status (number of employees by gender and employment status)
2. Composition of regular workers by age (number of regular workers by age and gender)
 3. Use of part-time workers (reasons for using them, clarification of labor conditions, details of work, wage level, treatment)
 4. Response to Measures for Securing Employment for Elderly Persons up to age 65
 5. Excess or insufficiency of employees by employment status
 6. Hiring of new graduates

(4) Items concerning management
 1. State of management
 2. Management obstacles
 3. Future policy direction of main operations
 4. Management strengths
 5. Effect of baby-boom generation’s retirement on management

(5) Attributes, other
 1. Presence of a labor union, etc.
 2. Industry

*For details of survey items, please refer to the questionnaire.
Date of Release 2012/12/26
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Working conditions
Business/industrial management and organisation
Topics in SSJDA Employment/Labor
Version 1 : 2012-12-26
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.