University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0867
Survey Title Questionnaire Survey on Overseas Expansion of Japanese Businesses and the Impact thereof, 2012
Depositor Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. Depositor's approval required.
Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
SSJDA Data Analysis Not available
Summary As Japan’s economy continues to slow down, overseas expansion through direct investment or imports is garnering attention as a way to stimulate small and mid-sized businesses as well as the economy overall. In fact, besides the large corporations, many smaller companies also engage in overseas expansion.

However, there are also concerns that the overseas expansion will lead to the hollowing out of industries and employment since parts of businesses will be conducted overseas. Thus, the Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute conducted this survey in August 2008 to study the effects that overseas expansions have on small to mid-sized businesses with target companies financed by the Japan Finance Corporation

The following are the primary survey items: (1) effects on small to mid-sized businesses expanding overseas; (2) effects on small to mid-sized businesses while dealing with businesses that are expanding overseas; and (3) effects on small to mid-sized businesses with no direct connection to overseas expansion.

Data Type quantitative research: micro data
Universe 10,500 companies that received financing from the Japan Finance Corporation's People's Life Project as well as the Small and Medium Enterprises Project
Unit of Observation Organization
Sample Size Number of questionnaires distributed: 10,500 companies, number of valid responses: 2,524 companies (response rate 24.0%)
Date of Collection 2012-08-01 ~ 2012-08-01
Time Period 2012 ~ 2012
Spatial Unit
Sampling Procedure
Mode of Data Collection Mail survey (anonymous survey)
Investigator Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0867
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items (1) Company overview
Founding year, type of operation, business succession or inheritance, business details, population size of locations of main offices, number of employees, sales and profit over the last three years, scale of domestic operations, etc.
(2) Effects of Japanese companies’ overseas expansion
Presence of and dealings with companies expanding overseas for domestic orders or sales locations, presence of domestic purchasing or outsourcing companies expanding overseas and business details, effects of increase in Japanese businesses expanding overseas, etc.

(3) Overseas expansion status and plans
Whether or not there are current overseas expansion operations and content; preparation, views, country or region for development regarding future overseas expansion; reason for not expanding overseas, etc.

(4) Foreign Direct Investment
Attributes of investment location (country and region, form of investment, number of employees, etc.), purpose of foreign direct investment (at time of first overseas investment and currently), advisers at time of first foreign direct investment, time spent in deciding to invest, expenses and procurement method leading to the start of overseas operations, achievement of initial plan regarding sales at overseas location, sales in the past year at overseas location, training and labor management of local managers and workers and business and sales activities,
procurement location for increased working capital and capital for factory additions, changes and effects of foreign direct investment on domestic operations, evaluation of foreign direct investment, thoughts on expanding, reducing, or ending overseas operations, etc.

*For details of survey items, please refer to the questionnaire.
Date of Release 2013/12/18
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Topics in SSJDA Economy/Industry/Management
Version 1 : 2013-12-25
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.