University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0905
Survey Title Post-Election Survey for the 23rd House of Councillors Election, 2013
Depositor The Association For Promoting Fair Elections
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

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Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission Usage period is unlimited for research purposes. Usage period is one year for educational purposes.
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Summary This survey aims to study the voting behavior of eligible voters during the 23rd regular election of the House of Councillors, which were held on July 21, 2013, to create source material for future election public awareness activities.
The main survey items are as follows.

1) Interest in politics and elections, 2) voting and abstention, 3) voting selection process, 4) contact with election media, 5) electoral system, and 6) participation in and encounter with initiatives for election public awareness.

From this survey, the survey method has been changed from interview survey to mail survey.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Individual men and women aged 20 years and older
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size Sample size: 3,000 people, valid responses: 2,019 people (67.3%)
Date of Collection 2013/09/18 – 10/24  
Time Period
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure Sampling: voter registration lists
Sampling method: two-stage stratified random sampling
Number of sites: 210 municipalities, 210 locations
Mode of Data Collection Mail survey
Investigator The Association For Promoting Fair Elections, survey carried out by Shin Joho Center Inc. and Social Survey Research Center of Saitama University
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items (1) Interest in politics and elections
- Level of interest in national or local politics
- Source of information about elections
- Life satisfaction
- Outlook towards life improvement in the future
- Satisfaction with politics
- Views on voting
- Political leanings (conservative/progressive)
- Level of interest in this election
- Political party supported
- Desired election outcome
- Whether the economy improved compared with the previous year

(2) Voting and abstention
- Voting participation
- Use of early or absentee voting
-Time of day respondent voted
- Party of candidate respondent voted for in electoral district
- Party respondent voted for in proportional representation or party of candidate
- The time when respondent decided not to vote
- Reason for not voting

(3) Voting selection process
- Priorities in electoral district elections (party/individual)
- Voting in proportional representation elections (party/individual)
- Priorities in choosing a candidate
- The time respondent decided for which candidate to vote
- Reasons for voting by party name
- Issues considered for the elections

(4) Contact with election media
- Media used to gain information on elections

(5) Electoral system
- Way of utilizing Internet election campaigning
- Whether information on internet election campaigning was of use
- Expectations from the internet election campaigning

(6) Participation in and encounter with initiatives for election public awareness
- Opinion about whether the elections were fair
- Awareness of “Fair Election Promotion Committee” and Shirobara-kai (“White Rose Association”)
- Awareness of the mascot of election promotion movement
- Experience of encountering initiatives for election public awareness
- The effect of the encounter with initiatives for election public awareness

(7) Face items
Gender, age, highest level of educational attainment, occupation, employment status and official position, years of residence, time required to travel to voting place, voting hours in respondent’s voting district,
family structure, way of connecting to the Internet, affiliated groups

*For details on survey items, please refer to the questionnaire.
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Topics in SSJDA Politics/Administration/Election
Version 2014/11/25 :
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.