University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0950
Survey Title Survey on Current State Analysis with a View to the Future Implementation of Job Creation Policies
Depositor Employment Policy Division, Employment Security Bureau, Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. SSJDA's approval required.
Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
Nesstar Not available
Summary This survey was conducted with the objectives of grasping trends and guidelines for mid-career hiring of full-time employees, methods and management procedures for mid-career hiring, as well as understanding the reasons and changes in treatment experienced by workers who have changed occupations in order to consider the nature of necessary measures.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Unit of Observation Individual,Organization
Sample Size [Company questionnaire]
Across Japan/companies in every industry with more than thirty employees (excluding public sector)

[Individual questionnaire]
People that have changed jobs as full-time employees in the last three years
Date of Collection [Company questionnaire]
December 2013

[Individual questionnaire]
February 2014
Time Period
Spatial Unit Japan(company questionnaire and individual questionnaire)
Sampling Procedure [Company questionnaire]
(1) Extracted growing companies whose sales and employee numbers increased from 2010 to 2012.
(2) From among these, we extracted all companies with over 200 people (5,010 companies). We divided the other companies equally into either "between 100–200 people" or "between 30–100 people," and we extracted growing companies from these categories according to their representation percentages.

[Individual questionnaire]
Divided individual age bins into "less than 35 years old (500)," "between 35–45 years old (500)," and "between 45–55 years old (500)," and allocated our samples as follows.

less than 35 years old between 35–45 years old over 45 years old 
Small and medium enterprises 250250250
Large companies 250250250

* Small and medium enterprises are those with between 30–500 employees. Large companies are those with over 500 employees.
Mode of Data Collection [Company questionnaire]
Postal survey

[Individual questionnaire]
Web survey with monitors
Investigator Mizuho Information & Research Institute, Inc.
Sponsors (Funds) Employment Policy Division, Employment Security Bureau, Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items [Company questionnaire]
(1) Outline of target company
Year of founding, industry sector, number of full-time employees, headquarters address, sales compared to three years ago, outlook on business scale over the next three years

(2) Regarding guidelines and trends in mid-career hiring of full-time employees
Number of regular employees hired in the past three years (new graduates/mid-career), trend of increase/decrease in hiring (new graduate/mid-career) in the past three years, percentage of mid-career hires, retention rate in the past three years (new graduates/mid-career), whether or not employment situation is resolved, measures to eliminate lack of human resources, hiring policies of regular employees (past three years/three years to come), hiring policies by age of mid-career hiring, purpose of mid-career hiring, positions/departments for mid-career hires, conditions of employment (experiences, qualifications, industries), points to be evaluated with emphasis on mid-career hiring, utilization policy of mid-career hires (scope/capacity)

(3) Regarding methods for mid-career hiring of full-time employees from middle group (between ages 35–55), management treatment/skill development
Methods for mid-career hiring of middle group, mid-career hiring recruitment/efforts, deciding/changes to treatment of full-time employees, things considered in the decision of treatment policies for mid-career hiring of middle group, efforts to situate them in the company, educational training, opportunities for career expansion

(4) Current status and problems in mid-career hiring of full-time employees from middle group (between ages 35–55)
Current status of mid-career hiring from middle group, evaluation of current status of mid-career hiring, problems with mid-career hiring

[Individual questionnaire]
(1) Status following job change
Age, job change experiences in the past three years, number of job changes in the last three years, length of time at current job, mode of hiring (current job/previous job), full-time employee experience before previous job, size by number of employees (current job/previous job), industry (current job/previous job), occupation type (current job/previous job)

(2) Regarding the impetus and process of leaving (or changing) your job
Reasons you left your previous job, people you consulted about leaving, things you were worried about when leaving

(3) Regarding preparations/activities for your most recent change of jobs
methods you used to find a new job, preparations for a job change, number of companies you approached, time between application and interview, time between collection of recruitment information to offer, date of offer, evaluation of "time" required to change jobs, points you appealed to during selection/points you were evaluated on, information/opportunities/most useful thing provided by your place of work, reason you chose your current place of work / things you emphasized, negotiations/adjustments at entry into your company, unemployed period, livelihood during unemployed period

(4) Regarding circumstances of your entry into your current job (current place of work) and your company's treatment of you
Hiring guidelines of your place of work (position/capacity/grace period), degree of satisfaction with treatment at entry into company (job title/rating/wages), about your first workplace after changing jobs, changes in your work after changing jobs (scope/level/responsibilities/number of subordinates/content/abilities), degree of usefulness of support received after entering the company, educational training during the first year of entering the company, treatment by superiors/colleagues, things you did to improve your performance, discrepancies in the image you had of the company before entering it (good/bad things), information gathering while switching jobs, degree of satisfaction with job switch

(5) Degree of satisfaction with current work and type of work you've done till now
Degree of satisfaction with current work, time required from when you changed jobs until you began to perform well at your new job, time it took for you to become confident at your work, knowledge you gained in your last job or earlier/use of skills, experience from your past job you currently use, things you had to learn anew after switching jobs

(6) Attributes/circumstances/thoughts of respondents
Location of place of work, highest level of schooling, presence/absence of spouse and whether or not you both work, dependents for taxes, presence or absence of pre-school children, use of nursing care, job title (at previous job before leaving/at entry to new job/present time), number of subordinates (at previous job before departure/at entry to current job), working hours after job change, wage increase/decrease after job change, income in 2013, whether or not you had to move, the length of previous job, the willingness to continue working at the current workplace, the attitude towards work at the current company, intentions for future work

*For details on survey items, please refer to the questionnaire.
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Topics in SSJDA Employment/Labor
Version 2014/12/02 :
Notes for Users When considering the results of simple totals of our data, please note that the company surveys were conducted after extracting growing companies with increasing sales and employee numbers and that the individual surveys were done after sampling in accordance with age and employees at place of work. Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.