University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 0999
Survey Title Nation-wide Longitudinal Survey Study on Voting Behavior in an Age of Political Change (JES IV SSJDA version), 2007-2011
Depositor JES IV Research Project
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Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission Usage period is unlimited for research purposes. Usage period is one year for educational purposes.
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Summary This survey clarifies the actual state of voting behavior in the elections, and comprises a nationwide time-series survey with the basic objective of responding to today’s demands, such as fluctuations due to the modification of the electoral system, fluctuations in international and domestic social structure, and changes in the whole concept of elections due to the development of new media such as the Internet, etc. In addition, this survey inherits the accumulation of research of a 7-time national panel survey conducted between 1993-1996 by the JES II project (Japanese Election Study II) in which Ikeda and Kobayashi, who are members of this research team, participated, and a 9-time national panel survey conducted between 2001-2005 carried out by the JES III project (Japanese Election Study III), in which Hirano, Ikeda, and Kobayashi participated.

Regarding the 4th wave, considering the burden involved in responding, we kept questions to the minimum necessary for continuing subjects as we had asked for their cooperation in three surveys in less than one year. We administered other extensive questions only to new subjects.
Data Type quantatitive research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Men and women aged 20 years and older in Japan
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size [1st wave] Sample size: 3,000, number of responses: 1,673, response rate: 55.8%
[2nd wave] Sample size: 3,330, number of responses: 1,858, response rate: 55.8%
[3rd wave] Sample size: 2,206, number of responses: 1,684, response rate: 76.3%
[4th wave] Sample size: 3,000, number of responses: 1,840, response rate: 61.3%
[5th wave] Sample size: 3,184, number of responses: 1,767, response rate: 55.5%
[6th wave] Sample size: 2,076, number of responses: 1,707, response: 82.2%
[7th wave] Sample size: 3,000, number of responses: 1,658, response rate: 55.3%
Date of Collection [1st wave] 2007/09/15 (Sat) – 10/01 (Mon)
[2nd wave] 2009/08/19 (Wed) – 08/29 (Sat)
[3rd wave] 2009/09/01 (Tue) – 09/23 (Wed)
[4th wave] 2010/01/20 (Wed) – 02/17 (Wed)
[5th wave] 2010/06/30 (Wed) – 07/10 (Sat)
[6th wave] 2010/07/12 (Mon) – 08/04 (Wed)
[7th wave] 2011/11/16 (Wed) – 12/09 (Fri)
Time Period
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure [1st wave]
Sample size: 3,000 people
Number of locations: 193 municipal districts, 194 locations
24 towns and villages, 24 locations
Total 217 municipalities, 218 locations
Extraction method: two-stage stratified random sampling

[2nd wave]
As mentioned above, 1,673 people completed the 1st wave survey. From these, we excluded 24 people who refused to cooperate in the subsequent survey, for a total of 1,649 people. We then added new supplementing subjects of 1,351 people, for a total of 3,000 regular subjects. We used backup subjects when regular subjects had changed residence, their address was unknown, or they were absent during the survey period, and the total number of backup subjects used comprised 330 people.

[3rd wave]
As mentioned above, 1,858 people (1,714 regular subjects and 144 backup subjects) completed the 2nd wave survey, from which we excluded 92 people (82 regular subjects and 10 backup subjects) who refused to cooperate in the subsequent survey, for a total of 1,766 people. We then added 434 people who had been unable to participate in the 2nd wave survey (377 regular subjects and 57 backup subjects who became usable subjects), for a total of 2,200 subjects (2,009 regular subjects, 191 backup subjects). However, when these subjects changed residence, their address was unknown, or they were absent during the survey period, a new backup subject was used, and this comprised 6 people (all of whom replaced regular subjects). Thus, the attack target in the 3rd wave survey was a total of 2,206 people (2,009 regular subjects, 197 backup subjects).

[4th wave]
As mentioned above, 1,962 people completed at least one of the 2nd wave or 3rd wave surveys. From these, we excluded people who refused to cooperate in the subsequent survey, for a total of 1,782 people; then, as new supplementing subjects, we added 1,218 people who were extracted from the Basic Resident Register or voter registration lists of municipalities nationwide, targeting a total of 3,000 men and women aged 20 years and older in Japan. Regarding the extraction of new supplementing subjects, in order to correct the age-group bias of continuing subjects, we followed the example of supplementing subjects in JESIII 4th wave (House of Councillors election Survey of 2004) and divided the subjects to be surveyed into 3 groups of 20 to 39 years old, 40 to 59 years old, and over 60 years old. We then extracted subjects so that the number of subjects in each group was as close as possible to the population ratio. As a result, the number of supplementing subjects in the 3 age groups was as follows: 20 to 39 years old: 680, 40 to 59 years old: 371, over 60 years old: 167 (continuing subjects were 20 to 39 years old: 293, 40 to 59 years old: 610, over 60 years old: 879).

[5th wave]
Of the 3,000 subjects in the 4th wave survey (2010 political awareness survey), 89 people refused to cooperate in the subsequent survey. Thus, we added supplementing subjects, and obtained a regular subjects total of 3,000 people. Backup subjects were used when regular subjects changed residence, their address was unknown, or they were absent during the survey period; the total number of backup subjects used comprised 184 people.

[6th wave]
As mentioned above, 1,767 people (1,728 regular subjects and 39 backup subjects) completed the 5th wave survey, from which we excluded 43 people (42 regular subjects and 1 backup subject) who refused to cooperate in the subsequent survey for a total of 1,724 people (1,686 regular subjects, 38 backup subjects). We then added 352 people who were unable to participate in the 5th wave survey (352 regular subjects, 0 backup subjects), for a total of 2,076 people (2,038 regular subjects, 38 backup subjects).

[7th wave]
As mentioned above, 1,856 people completed at least one of the 5th wave or 6th wave surveys. From these, we excluded 53 people who refused to cooperate in the subsequent survey for a total of 1,803 people. Then, as new supplementing subjects, we added 1,197 people who were extracted from the basic resident registries or voter lists of municipalities nationwide, targeting a total of 3,000 men and women aged 20 years and older in Japan. Regarding the extraction of new supplementing subjects, in order to correct the age-group bias of continuing subjects, as for the supplementing subjects in the 4th wave survey, we divided the subjects to be surveyed into 3 groups of 20 to 39 years old, 40 to 59 years old, and over 60 years old, and we then extracted subjects so that the number of subjects in each group was as close as possible to the population ratio. As a result, the number of supplementing subjects of the 3 age groups was as follows: 20 to 39 years old: 585, 40 to 59 years old: 332, over 60 years old: 280 (Continuing subjects were 20 to 39 years old: 351, 40 to 59 years old: 620, over 60 years old: 832).
Mode of Data Collection [1st wave] face-to-face interview
[2nd wave] face-to-face interview
[3rd wave] face-to-face interview
[4th wave] self-administered mail survey
[5th wave] face-to-face interview
[6th wave] face-to-face interview
[7th Wave] self-administered mail survey
Investigator JES IV Research Project (Hiroshi Hirano, Yoshiaki Kobayashi, Kenichi Ikeda, Masahiro Yamada), survey carried out by the Central Research Services, Inc.
DOI
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator)
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [ 1st wave ]
[ 2nd wave ]
[ 3rd wave ]
[ 4th wave (continued) ] [ 4th wave (newly-supplemented) ]
[ 5th wave ]
[ 6th wave ]
[ 7th wave ]
Major Survey Items [1st wave] (2007 House of Councillors post-election survey)
(1) Candidates/parties voted for in electoral district and proportional district
(2) Matters considered to decide the candidates/parties to vote for
(3) Attitude toward/evaluation of the election results
(4) Access to and participation in the election campaign
(5) Attitude toward important policy issues and recognition of the position of each party
(6) Support for political parties, support for the Cabinet, emotional temperature toward major parties/politicians, evaluation of political parties
(7) Performance evaluation and expectation to the Cabinet
(8) Interest, level of satisfaction, and level of trust in politics
(9) Basic social consciousness, values, status consciousness, recognition of the state of the economy
(10) Information environment, access to information, information behavior
(11) Respondent’s basic attributes

[2nd wave] (2009 House of Representatives pre-election survey)
(1) Recognition and evaluation of candidates for single-seat electoral district
(2) Consciousness about participation in voting, recognition of the state of electoral district
(3) Emotional temperature toward each party and political party leaders
(4) Support for the Cabinet, performance evaluation, expectations, open-ended question about the government
(5) Political party supported, political party rejected, schema of parties
(6) Candidate/party respondent is planning to vote for in this election, parties voted for in past elections
(7) Attitude toward policy issues, recognition of the position of each party, recognition of the state of the economy
(8) Conservative and progressive ideologies, political satisfaction, values
(9) Political knowledge, access to media
(10) Interpersonal environment
(11) Basic attributes of respondents

[3rd wave] (Survey after the House of Representatives election of 2009)
(1) Candidate/party voted for in this election
(2) Matters considered in making the voting decision
(3) Attitudes toward/evaluation of the election result
(4) Interest in, access to, participation in election campaign
(5) Evaluation of each party’s manifesto, attitude to important policy issues for this election
(6) Attitude to/values relating to/feelings of trust in politics, elections, democracy, various actors
(7) Various policy opinions
(8) Access to media during the election period, political knowledge
(9) Experience of participation in politics, groups joined, social network
(10) Status identification

[4th wave] (2010 political awareness survey)
[All subjects surveyed]
(1) Party voted for in House of Representatives election of 2009, party respondent plans to vote for in the House of Councillors election of 2010, prediction of the election result
(2) Party supported
(3) Emotional temperature toward each party and political party leaders
(4) Support for the Cabinet, performance evaluation of the Cabinet
(5) Performance evaluation of the Liberal Democratic Party
(6) Respondent’s basic attributes

[Only for new subjects]
(1) Political memory
(2) Recognition/evaluation of the electoral system
(3) Performance evaluation of current administration and previous administration, evaluation of the Cabinet
(4) Recognition/evaluation of local politics/local administration
(5) Feelings of political effectiveness, feelings of trust
(6) Political participation, participation in groups
(7) Social values, social consciousness, status identification, personal image of conservatives and progressives
(8) Social network
(9) Recognition of/opinion on/emotion relating to the current state of politics/society

[5th wave] (2010 House of Councillors pre-election survey)
(1) Recognition and evaluation of candidates in electoral district
(2) Attitude to participation in voting, recognition of constituency situation
(3) Emotional temperature toward each party and political party leaders
(4) Support for the Cabinet, performance evaluation, expectations, likes and dislikes (open-ended question)
(5) Party supported, party rejected, party schema, evaluation of each party in two-party system
(6) Candidate/party respondent is planning to vote for in this election, parties voted for in the past election
(7) Attitude toward policy issues, recognition of the position of each party, recognition of the state of the economy
(8) Conservative and progressive ideologies, level of satisfaction with politics, values
(9) Political knowledge, access to media
(10) Interpersonal environment
(11) Respondent’s basic attributes

[6th wave] (2010 House of Councillors post-election survey)
(1) Candidate/party voted for in this election
(2) Matters considered in making the voting decision
(3) Attitude toward/evaluation of the election result
(4) Interest in, access to, participation in election campaign
(5) Evaluation of each party’s manifesto, attitude to important policy issues for this election
(6) Attitude to/values relating to/feelings of trust in politics, elections, democracy, various actors
(7) Various policy opinions
(8) Access to media during the election period, political knowledge
(9) Experience of participation in politics, groups joined, social network
(10) Emotions relating to the state of Japan
(11) Status identification

[7th wave] (2011 political awareness survey)
(1) Parties voted for in the previous House of Representatives and House of Councillors elections
(2) Parties respondent plans to vote for in the next House of Representatives and House of Councillors elections
(3) Party supported, evaluation of parties
(4) Emotional temperature toward each party and political party leaders
(5) Support for the Cabinet, performance evaluation, expectations
(6) Political interest, access to information
(7) Attitude toward policy issues, recognition of the position of each party, policy opinion, recognition of the state of the economy
(8) Change of government, “the twisted Diet,” recognition of/attitude toward/evaluation of various actors
(9) Recognition/evaluation of the electoral system
(10) Recognition of/attitude to earthquakes/nuclear power plant accident
(11) Conservative and progressive ideologies, level of satisfaction with politics, values
(12) Emotions toward the state of Japan
(13) Status identification
(14) Respondent’s basic attributes
Date of Release 2016/03/29
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Topics in SSJDA Politics/Administration/Election
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