University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 1068
Survey Title Survey on Migration to Rural Areas, 2013
Depositor Mitsubishi Research Institute,Inc.
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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Summary In order to analyze the possibility of enhancing the effect of migration from metropolitan areas to rural areas and facilitating people's lives after the migration through the addition of social welfare measures into migration promotion policies, Mitsubishi Research Institute, Inc., held hearings with local governments, circulated questionnaires on migration in rural areas ("Questionnaire Survey on Migration" below), questionnaires on migration applicants in rural areas ("Questionnaire Survey on Migration Applicants" below), discussed in research group meetings.

The "Questionnaire Survey on Migration" was applied to people who migrated to rural areas to understand their motives and their relationship with administrative policies.

After screening the respondents, this survey was conducted to identify the situation and perception of living in rural areas. The main topics addressed in the survey are as follows:
・Attributes of the migrants (age group, family structure, and others)
・Area of residence before and after the migration
・Motives for migration
・Relationship between migration behavior and welfare policies

The "Questionnaire Survey on Migration Applicants" was applied to people with the intention to live in rural areas. It inquired about the status of their migration process, why they wanted to migrate, their ideal lifestyle after the migration, their experience with dual residence and its impact, and their demands for migration-related administrative policies.

Through a screening survey, only the residents of metropolitan areas* with a concrete intention to migrate to rural areas, as well as their period of migration and experience with dual residence and weekend stays were sampled.

*Megalopolises include the Tokyo area (Saitama/Chiba/Tokyo/Kanagawa prefectures), the Nagoya area (Gifu/Aichi/Mie prefectures), and the Osaka area (Kyoto/Osaka/Hyogo/Nara prefectures).

The survey focused on the following topics:
・Attributes (gender, age group, family structure, etc.)
・Motives for the migration
・Image of the daily life after moving
・How to obtain information about the new area of residence
・Availability of welfare policies

This survey number includes a total of four data sets: "Questionnaire Survey on Migration," "Questionnaire Survey on Migration Applicants," and their respective screening surveys.
Data Type quantatitive research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe [Questionnaire Survey on Migration]
[Screening Survey]
Internet monitors ages 25 and older: 23,007 people
[Main survey]
500 "migrants" and 500 "dual residents/weekend visitors"

[Questionnaire Survey on Migration Applicants]
[Screening Survey]
Residents of the megalopolises: 66,964 people
The ratio of the population in the areas of Tokyo, Nagoya, and Osaka was maintained, and the allocation by gender and age (between 25 and 75 years) was made so that each segment (separate groups of men and women in their 20s and 30s/40s/50s/60s) had the same number of people.

[Main survey]
A total of 3,567 people living in the three major metropolitan areas with plans or desire to move or migrate
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size [Questionnaire Survey on Migration]
[Screening Survey] 23,007 people
[Main survey] 1,000 people

[Questionnaire Survey on Migration Applicants]
[Screening Survey] 66,964 people
[Main survey] 3,567 people
Date of Collection
Time Period
Spatial Unit [Questionnaire Survey on Migration Applicants]
Three megalopolises (Please refer to the "Summary" above)
Sampling Procedure [Questionnaire Survey on Migration]
[Main survey]
・Sampling conditions for "migrants"
(1) People who migrated to a non-metropolitan area because of the respondent's or spouse's intention/decision.
(2) People who migrated to an area with "spacious houses and land" and "rich nature" without "shopping convenience," "good transportation network," or "high cost of living" because of the respondent's or spouse's intention/decision.

・Sampling conditions for "dual residence/weekend visitors"
(1) People who visit a specific place frequently and stay there for around two weeks or longer. That place is owned or rented as a residence/second house/workplace by the respondent or a family member who lives with the respondent or by a family member or relative who do not live with the respondent
(2) People who visit a specific place frequently and stay there for one or two days. That place is owned or rented as a residence/second house/workplace by the respondent or a family member who lives with the respondent or by a family member or relative who does not live with the respondent

[Questionnaire Survey on Migration Applicants]
[Main survey]
・Sampling conditions
One of the questions in the screening survey asked about the respondent's intention (or of a family member who lives together) to migrate to an area that feels more provincial or rural than his or her current city of residence. Those who gave one of the answers below were selected for this survey:
・ "I have a concrete plan"
・ "I am considering migrating in less than five years"
Mode of Data Collection Internet survey
Investigator Mitsubishi Research Institute, Inc.
DOI
Sponsors (Funds) Subsidy from the 2013 (Heisei 25) Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare Safety Net Support Project Subsidy Program (Social Welfare Promotion Project)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire Survey on Migration]
[Screening survey] QuestionnaireFrequency Tables
[Main survey] QuestionnaireFrequency Tables

[Questionnaire Survey on Migration Applicants]
[Screening survey] QuestionnaireFrequency Tables
[Main survey] QuestionnaireFrequency Tables
Major Survey Items [Questionnaire Survey on Migration]
[Screening Survey]
・Details of the migration – Experiences with migration, reason for migration, comparison with the previous life
・Details of dual residency – Experiences with dual residency and others

[Main survey]
(1) Attributes of the migrants (age group, family structure, and others)
・Gender, age group, condition of housing
・Structure of household family members
・Presence of occupation, employment status, etc.

(2) Area of residence before and after the migration
・When the migration took place or long-term/weekend visits started
・Prefecture of residence before the migration (migrants), current prefecture (long-term visitors)
・Current prefecture of residence (migrants), prefecture of residence/visit (long-term/weekend visitors)
・Confusions and problems during the migration or when the residence/visits started
・Details of the residence before and after the migration (migrants) and others

(3) Motives for the migration
・Characteristics of the new area of residence/visit (commercial district, residential area, suburb, and others)
・Relationship with current area of residence (migrants)/new area of residence or visit (long-term/weekend visitors)
・Motives for the migration/visit
・When the candidate areas for migration/visit were defined
・Sources of information used to choose the new area of residence/visit, the reason for the choice, and others
・Institutions of the local government used (or currently using) to choose the new area of residence/visit, an especially helpful institution, or one that would be useful if existed
・Positive things about the migration/visit and unforeseen problems

(4) Relationship with migration behavior and welfare policies
・Frequency of contact with neighbors in the new area of residence/visit
・Number of close friends and colleagues in the new area of residence/visit
・Participation in community activities such as health/social welfare in the new area of residence/visit
・Evaluation of the new area of residence (migrants)

[Questionnaire Survey on Migration Applicants]
[Screening Survey]
・Intention to migrate, date of migration, candidate areas for migration, experiences with long-term/weekend visits, whether the areas of periodic/long-term visits are among the candidates for migration, the possibility of migrating to an area that feels more provincial or rural if the conditions are right (e.g., with a reasonable income to make a living), the possibility of migrating to rural areas with nursing and medical care facilities with vacancy

[Main survey]
(1) Attributes (gender, age group, family structure, etc.)
・Composition of the family currently living together, expected family composition after the migration
・Employment status, occupation type
・Current household income, expected household income after the migration, living arrangement, and plans for the current residence after migrating to a rural area (selling, renting, and others)

(2) Motives for the migration
・Reasons for the intention to migrate, merits and demerits of migration, the presence of opposers to migration to rural areas, whether the city of birth is among the candidates for migration

(3) Image of the daily life after moving
・Planned date of migration, the ideal lifestyle after the migration, ways of contributing to the community of the new area of residence, and thoughts on the transference of the resident's card after migrating to a rural area

(4) How to obtain information about the new area of residence
・Preferred prefectures to migrate to, deciding factors in selecting candidate areas for migration
・Methods to collect information about the new area of residence and others

(5) Availability of welfare policies
・Policies that, if implemented by the local government of the migration candidates, increase the desire to migrate
・Welfare programs that, if implemented by the local government of the migration candidates, increase the willingness to migrate
Date of Release 2016/10/17
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Topics in SSJDA Social Security/Welfare
Society/Culture
Version 2016/10/17 :
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