University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 1076
Survey Title Panel Survey on University Students' Understanding on Ideology, 2013-2014
Depositor KG Research Center for Social Psychology
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Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Summary Regardless of the generation, young people typically have low levels of political interest and political participation rates. However, recent studies have suggested that the cognitive structure of parties and ideologies among the electorate in Japan may not apply to its younger generations. The fact that there is a discrepancy between generations regarding the fundamental understanding of politics is a problem that can lead to political alienation of the young population if ignored.

This survey was conducted to analyze the political awareness and voting behavior among university students across Japan, the use of media potentially related to these factors, the dynamics of social capital, and other related issues.

This is a three-wave panel survey corresponding to three political events: after the 2013 House of Councillors election, the 2014 Tokyo gubernatorial election, and the division of the "Japan Innovation Party."

In the 2014 Tokyo gubernatorial election, the survey was conducted separately for residents and non-residents of Tokyo, although the same question items were used.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe University students across Japan
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size (1) Survey on university students after the 2013 House of Councillors election
Number of responses: 992 people (432 men, 560 women)

(2)-1 2014 Tokyo gubernatorial election survey (residents of Tokyo)
Number of responses: 116 people (52 men, 64 women)

(2)-2 2014 Tokyo gubernatorial election survey (non-residents of Tokyo)
Number of responses: 442 people (221 men, 221 women)

(3) Innovation Party division survey
Number of responses: 361 people (179 men, 182 women)
Date of Collection 2013-10 ~ 2014-06
(1) Survey on university students after the 2013 House of Councilors election
October 2013

(2)-1 2014 Tokyo gubernatorial election survey (residents of Tokyo)
February 2014

(2)-2 2014 Tokyo gubernatorial election survey (non-residents of Tokyo)
February 2014

(3) Innovation Party division survey
June 2014
Time Period 2013 ~ 2014
Spatial Unit Japan
Japan
Sampling Procedure Other
[Screening respondents]
First, a screening survey was conducted with 51,995 monitors registered on the research website Fastask in October 2013.

The first of the two screening items asked whether the monitor was a university student and their grade if the answer was yes. The monitors who answered "No" in this item were excluded.

Then, only the monitors who answered "Yes" were presented with four options concerning the question of whether they had voted in the House of Councillors in the regular election of July 2013. The monitors who answered saying "Abstained" or "I did not have the right to vote" were excluded, and those who answered "Voted on election day (July 21)" or "Voted before the election day or absentee" were selected for the survey below.

The answers in the screening survey are not included in the public data.

(1) Survey on university students after the 2013 House of Councillors election
An email requesting participation in a survey was sent to 1,616 registered monitors sampled from the screening survey above. A total of 992 answers were obtained.

(2)-1 2014 Tokyo gubernatorial election survey (residents of Tokyo)
An email requesting participation in a survey was sent to 155 respondents among the total number of survey respondents above whose place of residence was registered as Tokyo. A total of 116 answers were obtained.

(2)-2 2014 Tokyo gubernatorial election survey (non-residents of Tokyo)
An email requesting participation in a survey was sent to 713 respondents among the total number of survey respondents above (1) whose place of residence was registered outside Tokyo. A total of 442 answers were obtained.

(3) Innovation Party division survey
An email requesting participation in a survey was sent to 992 respondents among the total number of survey respondents above (1). A total of 361 answers were obtained.
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire: Web-based (CAWI)
This survey was conducted through the online survey service Fastask offered by JustSystems Corporation.
Investigator KG Research Center for Social Psychology (Kazunori Inamasu/Asako Miura), survey carried out by JustSystem corporation
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.1076
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation Questionnaires [ Survey on university students after the 2013 House of Councilors election ][ 2014 Tokyo gubernatorial election survey (residents of Tokyo) ][ 2014 Tokyo gubernatorial election survey (non-residents of Tokyo) ][ Innovation Party division survey ]
Major Survey Items (1) Survey on university students after the 2013 House of Councillors election
[Face items]
・Gender, age, prefecture of residence, area of residence
・Occupation, marital status, presence of children, number of people residing in the same household

[Questionnaire items]
・Use of the Internet (blogs, Facebook, mixi, Twitter,LINE,Google+, GREE, online community/forums)
・Frequency of reading a newspaper/watching TV programs (national paper, sports newspaper or evening paper, NHK news program, commercial broadcasting news program, tabloid show, variety shows)
・Thoughts on different ways of thinking and values (family, teachers at school, close friends of the same generation, and others)
・Presence of acquaintances (Junior high school students or younger/in 30s/in 40s/in 50s/in 60s and older, private university students/national university students/technical (vocational) school students, etc.)
・Level of connections on social networks (politicians, personal account of journalists, official accounts of mass media, entrepreneurs (presidents), entertainers)
・Frequency of seeing acquaintances citing articles related to political/social issues on blogs and SNS.
・Interest and happiness with politics
・Consciousness of the people around ("Many people around me have no consciousness toward others," "I think other people do not work efficiently," and others)
・Things that matter the most (being creative, being affluent, living in a safe environment, and so on)
・Their own social position (for people in their 20s/40s/70s or above)
・Party of choice in the House of Councillors election (single-seat/proportional representation), and party usually supported
・Benefit (in yen) for which the respondent would go to vote
・Political position, impression on political parties, and judgment of conservative statements

(2)-1, (2)-2 2014 Tokyo gubernatorial election survey (residents and non-residents of Tokyo)
・The use of the Internet (blogs, Facebook, mixi, Twitter, LINE, Google+, GREE, online community/forums)
・Resident/non-resident of Tokyo
・Candidate chosen in the governmental election and candidate chosen in the gubernatorial election in the case of a Tokyo resident
・Position on political problems (constitutional reform, disparities and competition, the right of collective defense, social welfare and burden, nuclear power generation, and visit of government officials to the Yasukuni Shrine)
・Party normally supported
・Thoughts on the use of nuclear power as a topic of discussion in the governmental elections, opinion on topics of discussion surrounding the governmental election (companies entering the childcare business, invitation of casinos to Odaiba, and others)
・Use of information on the governmental election on the Internet
・Level of connections on social networks (candidates of Tokyo gubernatorial election, other politicians, official accounts of mass media, personal account of journalists)
・Frequency of seeing acquaintances citing articles related to political/social issues on blogs and SNS.
・Contact with or publication of political information through social networks or blogs
・Knowledge of the candidates

(3) Innovation Party division survey
・Acknowledgment of the news on the division of the Japan Innovation Party, the medium used to obtain the news
・Party chosen in the House of Councillors election (July 2013) and party normally supported
・Party supported after the division (Ishihara new party/Hashimoto new party/other) and the party supported if the "Unity Party" merged with the Hashimoto new party
・Emotional thermometer on political parties/politicians and evaluation of the political position of parties/politicians (right/left and conservative/progressive)
・Evaluation of the division and change in Japan's political situation due to the division
Date of Release 2017/02/08
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Information society
Political behaviour and attitudes
Youth
Topics in SSJDA Information/Communication/Mass Media
Politics/Administration/Election
Society/Culture
Version 1 : 2017-02-08
Notes for Users