University of Tokyo

Survey Number 1116
Survey Title The Questionnaire Survey on Work and Life of Workers, 2016.10
Depositor JTUC Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards
(Former Name:Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards)
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' on the SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. SSJDA's approval is required.
Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
SSJDA Data Analysis Not available
Summary The purpose of this survey is to periodically explore workers’ attitudes toward economic trends in Japan and their current state of work and living through a questionnaire survey and to obtain basic information with which to consider policy issues from the perspective of improving quality of life of workers.

The survey has been conducted regularly in April and October of every year since the first survey in April 2001, with its principal purpose being the clarification of the state of and views regarding work and living of a diverse range of workers. In addition to a fixed-point survey on workers’ perception of business confidence, cost of living, and work itself, the 32nd edition of this survey featured new items related to the “Perception and reality of working hours” as a semi-fixed-point observation survey (October fixed-point survey). This edition also included items concerning the “workplace situation and perception of the so-called ‘black companies,’” “awareness of workers’ rights and impression on labor unions,” “reliability of social security systems and consumption taxes,” and “voting behavior in the 2016 House of Councillors election.”

Since the 21st survey (conducted in April 2011), a change was made from the previous mail access panel survey to an Internet-based web access panel survey to expand the number of survey targets. This survey is the 12th survey to be conducted in such a way.
Data Type quantitative research: micro data
Universe Private company employees in their 20s to early 60s who live in the Greater Tokyo Area or Kansai region
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size In 20s to 50s: 1,845 people, in early 60s: 155 people
Date of Collection 2016-10-01 ~ 2016-10-06
2016/10/1 (Sat) – 10/6 (Thu)
Time Period 2016 ~ 2016
Spatial Unit saitama
The Greater Tokyo Area (Saitama/Chiba/Tokyo/Kanagawa prefecture)
Kansai Region (Shiga/Kyoto/Osaka/Hyogo/Nara/Wakayama prefecture)
Sampling Procedure Non-probability: Quota
1. Based on 2,000 people, which is the number of survey subjects that was assumed in advance, we created sample allocation criteria reflecting the distribution ratio of gender, age group, and form of employment of employees from 20 to 64 years old, located in the Tokyo metropolitan area and the Kansai area according to the “2012 (Heisei 24) Employment Status Survey.”

2. Based on the allocation criteria, among the private company employees (approximately 60,000 subjects) residing in the Tokyo metropolitan area and Kansai area who are registered in INTAGE Inc., we randomly extract for each layer to obtain responses above the allocation criteria, and requested them to respond to the questionnaire.

3. The sample was determined randomly from among the responses received, ensuring that the number sampled from each group accorded with the allocation criteria.

*Note that INTAGE Inc. mainly searches for access panel participants via Internet sites and recruitment advertisements in newspapers and magazines, etc.
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire: Web-based (CAWI)
Internet-based web access panel survey (self-administered on line)
Investigator Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards; actual survey implemented by INTAGE Inc.
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.1116
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Questionnaire 】 【 Frequency Tables
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Major Survey Items [Questionnaire items]
(1) Economic trends and business condition
Japan’s economic environment, business situation at the place of employment, increase or decrease in number of employees, increase or decrease in actual hours worked, unemployment concerns, etc.

(2) Income, consumption, living conditions
- Increase or decrease in personal wage income, increase or decrease in total income of household, increase or decrease in total household consumption, sense of fluctuation in prices, household living conditions, etc.

(3) Evaluation of work and life
- Recognition of current work, intention to change jobs, satisfaction level with current work, satisfaction level with life in general, etc.

(4) Labor union
Existence of labor union at the place of employment, membership status/intention to join/necessity of a union

(5) Perception and reality of working hours (October fixed-point survey)
- Overtime work for September
Whether respondent worked overtime hours, number of overtime hours worked, feelings regarding working overtime, reason for working more than required hours

- Unpaid work
Whether eligible for overtime allowance, situation of undeclared overtime hours, number of undeclared overtime hours, reasons for not declaring the correct number of hours worked, reasons for making adjustments when reporting hours, experience of health issues due to long working hours

- Awareness of working hours management
Awareness of situation concerning working hours management, problems at current workplace

(6) Workplace situation and awareness of the so-called “black companies”
Whether respondent sees his or her workplace as a “black company,” illegal situations at workplace, existence of harassment at workplace

(7) Acknowledgment of workers’ rights and impression of labor unions
Acknowledgment of the rights applied to regular/non-regular employees, impression and effectiveness of labor unions

(8) Reliability of social security systems and consumption taxes
Reliability of social security systems, views on the relationship between social security and consumption tax rate increase, affects of the postponement of consumption tax rate increase on the reliability of social security systems

(9) Voting behavior in the 2016 House of Councillors election
Party voted for in the single-member district and proportional representation, reason for the vote, the decisive factor to decide the vote, party supported, evaluation of the Abe Cabinet (economic policies, security policies, problems with constitutional reform), necessity of constitutional reform, acknowledgment of cooperation among opposition parties, evaluation of the cooperation by the opposition in the election

[Face items]
Gender, age, area of residence, employment status, period of employment contract, employer’s industry, highest level of educational attainment, marital status, family members who share the same household income, age of the youngest child, financial provider in the household, spouse’s employment status, size of company by number of employees, occupation type, years of continuous employment, working hours, annual wage income, household income, household savings, loan situation, support for current Cabinet, etc.

*For details of survey items, please refer to the questionnaire.
Date of Release 2017/05/29
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Economic conditions and indicators
Labour relations/conflict
Working conditions
Political behaviour and attitudes
Specific social services: use and availability
Topics in SSJDA Employment/Labor
Version 1 : 2017-05-29
Notes for Users