University of Tokyo

Survey Number 1148
Survey Title Survey on Occupational Images, 2013
Depositor HAYASHI, Takuya
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

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Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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SSJDA Data Analysis Not available
Summary This survey was carried out through the collection of survey data on the subjective perceptions of social distance that people possess with respect to a variety of occupations, to delineate distances and cognitive constructs relating to such.

This survey received the following grant: Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (2012-2014, Basic Research (C),Lead Researcher: Takuya Hayashi, Research Theme Number: 24530625).
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Employed people aged 20 to 59
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size 2,069 cases(Form A: 1,042 cases,Form B: 1,027 cases)
Date of Collection 2013-11 ~ 2013-11
Time Period 2013 ~ 2013
Spatial Unit
Sampling Procedure Non-probability: Quota
A screening survey that enquired only about occupational attributes was conducted, resulting in the collection of 28,468 cases. Subsequently, the number of surveys to be distributed was divided on the basis of gender, age, and occupation, and surveys were distributed with the aim of meeting the newly set response target for all groups (total of 2,000 cases).
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire: Web-based (CAWI)
Internet survey (Rakuten Research)
Investigator HAYASHI, Takuya
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.1148
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [ Questionnaire A ] [ Questionnaire B ] [ Screening Questionnaire ]
Major Survey Items [Survey items]
(1) Occupational image
The following question items were asked regarding the occupations for evaluation:
・Desire to work, feeling of distance between respondent and each occupation, social evaluation, independence, manifestation of skills

The occupations for evaluation in all survey forms were as follows:
[Both Forms A and B]
teacher at public junior high school, company manager/executive, part-time cleaner, walk-in sales representative
[Form A]
Fashion designer, casual security worker, doctor in private practice, road construction worker, salesperson, researcher, owner of small-scale factory/workshop, casual engineer (technician), beautician/hairstylist, hotel customer service staff, kimono craftsperson, teacher of private lessons (private management), care worker, private taxi driver, dispatched worker from temporary staffing agency (haken shain) in accounts department, middle manager (at the same level as section head (kacho))

[Form B]
Self-employed farmer, courier/delivery-person, government office worker (public servant), magazine article editor, temp worker in electrical appliances manufacturing,reception/information desk staff, police officer, shop owner, nurse employed at a hospital, certified tax accountant in private practice, part-time childcare worker, member of the diet/politician, part-time customer service staff at a restaurant (waiter, etc.), carpenter, cook/chef in own restaurant, pilot

(2) Characteristics of current occupation

[Both Forms A and B]
・Content and characteristics of current occupation

(3) Whether the respondent had employment experience in any of the following occupations, any experience of collaboration with any of the following occupations, or any networks of the following occupations:
[Both Forms A and B]
1) Manager/executive officer of a company/corporation
2) Managerial occupation at the section manager (kacho)/department manager (bucho) levels
3) Self-employed/small business owner(agriculture/forestry/fisheries/small shop owner/restaurant owner/factory owner/independent entrepreneur)
4) Non-regular employee such as part-time/contract employee/temporary staff/dispatched employee of a temporary staffing company
5) Specialist occupations(school teacher, attorney-at-law, doctor, registered nurse,engineer, artist, athlete, religious worker, etc.)
6) Administrative occupations(general affairs,bookkeeping,reception,planning)
7) Sales(sales attendant,sales representative,sales person, etc.)
8) Service Industries(cook, barber, cleaner, taxi driver, waitress, housekeeper, care worker, etc.)
9) Public safety(police officer, Self Defense Force officer, janitor/security guard, etc.)
10) Production line/laboring occupations(carpenter, furniture maker, manufacturing worker, construction worker, cleaner,etc.)
11) Agriculture/forestry/fisheries(agriculture, livestock, fisheries, forestry, gardener, horticulturist)

(4) Sense of belonging to a class

[Face items]
(1) Marital and employment status
(2) Highest level of educational attainment
(3) Individual income
(4) Household income
(5) Gender
(6) Age
(7) Current occupation of respondent
・Mode of work,size by number of employees, official position, business/industry, occupation type
(8) Current occupation of father
・Mode of work, official position, business/industry, occupation type

Current occupation, father's occupation and business/industry were coded post-survey, based on the open-ended responses. An automatic coding system provided by the University of Tokyo Center for Social Research and Data Archives was utilized in the coding of occupation/industry information. After using the automatic coding system to filter candidate codes, the work to confirm the final codes was carried out by the lead researcher, collaborating researcher, and graduate students employed as part-time workers.
Date of Release 2017/12/25
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Social and occupational mobility
Topics in SSJDA Society/Culture
Version 1 : 2017-12-25
Notes for Users