University of Tokyo

Survey Number 1166
Survey Title Post-Election Survey for the 24th House of Councillors Election, 2016
Depositor The Association For Promoting Fair Elections
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. SSJDA's approval required.
Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission Usage period is unlimited for research purposes. Usage period is one year for educational purposes.
Access to Datasets Download
Nesstar Not available
Summary This survey aims to study the voting behavior of eligible voters during the 24th regular election of the House of Councillors, which were held on July 10, 2016, to create source material for future election public awareness activities.

The main survey items are as follows.
1) Interest in politics and elections, 2) voting and abstention, 3) voting selection process, 4) contact with election media, 5) electoral system, and 6) participation in and encounter with initiatives for election public awareness.

Please note that from the last survey, the survey method has been changed from interview survey to mail survey.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Individual men and women aged 18 years and older
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size Sample size: 3,000 people, valid responses: 2,004(66.8%)
Date of Collection 2016/09/15 – 11/02
Time Period
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure Sampling: voter registration lists
Sampling method: two-stage stratified random sampling
Number of sites: 172 municipalities, 210 locations
Mode of Data Collection Mail survey
Investigator The Association For Promoting Fair Elections, survey carried out by Shin Joho Center, Inc.
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) The Association For Promoting Fair Elections, 「第24回参議院議員通常選挙全国意識調査-調査結果の概要-」,March 2017
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Major Survey Items (1) Interest in politics and elections
- Level of interest in national or local politics
- Source of information about elections
- Life satisfaction
- Outlook towards life improvement in the future
- Level of satisfaction with politics
- Opinion on voting
- Political leanings (conservative/progressive)
- Interest in in this elections
- Political party supported
- Desired election outcome
- Whether the respondent knows the requirement to change resident’s card when he or she moves
- Whether the respondent knows that they are eligible to vote in an election in the new municipality of residence three months after changing his or her residence card
- Opinion on the voting age being lowered to 18
- Level of awareness regarding the referendum on constitutional reform

(2) Voting and abstention
- Voting participation
- Use of early or absentee voting
- Time of day respondent voted
- Party of candidate respondent voted for in electoral district
- Party respondent voted for in proportional representation or party of candidate
- The time when respondent decided not to vote
- Reason for not voting

(3) Voting selection process
- Priorities in electoral district elections (party/individual)
- Voting in proportional representation elections (party/individual)
- Priorities in choosing a candidate
- The time respondent decided for which candidate to vote
- Issues considered for the elections

(4) Contact with election media
- Media used to gain information on elections

(5) Electoral system
- Way of utilizing Internet election campaigning
- Whether information on internet election campaigning was of use

(6) Participation in and encounter with initiatives for election public awareness
- Opinion about whether the elections were fair
- Awareness of “Fair Election Promotion Committee” and Shirobara-kai (“White Rose Association”)
- Awareness of the mascot of election promotion movement
- Experience of encountering initiatives for election public awareness
- The effect of the encounter with initiatives for election public awareness

(7) Face items
Gender, age, highest level of educational attainment, occupation of the respondent, employment status and official position, years at residence, time required to travel to voting place, voting hours in respondent’s voting district, family structure, affiliated groups, way of connecting to the Internet, political views (right-leaning/left-leaning)
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Topics in SSJDA Politics/Administration/Election
Version 2018/01/22 :
Notes for Users