University of Tokyo

Survey Number 1186
Survey Title Social Consciousness Survey about Life and Disaster Prevention, 2014-2015
Depositor Murase, Yoichi
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. SSJDA's approval required.
Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
Nesstar Not available
Summary The purpose of this survey was to compare awareness and behavior between Sendai City, which is the largest city among the hard hit areas by the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami; Fukushima City, which was strongly affected by the nuclear incident; and the Tokyo Metropolis, which is the capital and distant from the affected area. The survey clarified the state of damages via a questionnaire survey distributed to randomly sampled residents.

Even though the disaster occurred several years ago, there are still many areas where recovery is not progressing. Two significant challenges facing Japan at the current time are the weakening of interest in earthquake-related disasters in unaffected areas and a lack of national consensus regarding reconstruction policies and nuclear power policies. Moreover, there is a lack of large-scale social surveys with rigorous random sampling, meaning that the connection between the state of disaster-related damages and social class is not at all clear. As the damages from the tsunami and nuclear power plant incident are particularly critical, the interest of the media and researchers has focused on these two areas. This survey, however, focuses on the fact that the earthquake had a negative effect on a broad range of people and takes a balanced approach to accurately capturing the situation.

This survey has two unique characteristics. The first is its focus on social class factors. One main hypothesis is that while earthquakes, as natural disasters, attack all people without discrimination, the ability of people to deal with the damages from such in terms of distribution of resources and amount of opportunities will be influenced by factors relating to social class such as income, occupation, etc. Therefore, there are a substantial number of items concerning social class in the questionnaire. The second characteristic is the focus on diversity of damage. Damage caused by earthquakes is certainly of a great magnitude, and it is also extremely diverse, not being confined to physical damage to people and their residences and workplaces but also encompassing psychological and social damage. To grasp this diversity, this survey sets questionnaire items to capture a wide range of objective and subjective harms, as well as the effects of earthquakes that cannot be classified as harms.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe (1)2014 Tokyo Metropolis survey
Men and women aged 20 years and older in Tokyo-prefecture
(2)2015 Sendai survey
Men and women aged 20 years and older in Sendai-city
(3)2015 Fukushima survey
Men and women aged 20 years and older in Fukushima-city
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size (1)2014 Tokyo Metropolis survey
Number of samples: 1500 people
Valid responses: 738 people
Response rate: 49%
(2)2015 Sendai survey
Number of samples: 1800 people
Valid responses: 1210 people
Response rate: 67%
(3)2015 Fukushima survey
Number of samples: 2100 people
Valid responses: 1452 people
Response rate: 69%
Date of Collection 2014 ~ 2015
(1)2014 Tokyo Metropolis survey
2014/11/06 – 12/31
(2)2015 Sendai survey
2015/03/05 – 04/31
(3)2015 Fukushima survey
2015/06/04 – 07/31
Time Period 2014 ~ 2015
Spatial Unit tokyo
(1)2014 Tokyo Metropolis survey: Tokyo-prefecture
(2)2015 Sendai survey:Sendai City
(3)2015 Fukushima survey: Fukushima City
Sampling Procedure Mixed probability and non-probability
(1)2014 Tokyo Metropolis survey
Random sampling, area sampling (three-stage probability ratio sampling)
50 sites sampled based on population distribution

(2)2015 Sendai survey
Random sampling, area sampling (three-stage probability ratio sampling)
60 sites sampled based on population distribution

(3)2015 Fukushima survey
Random sampling, area sampling (three-stage probability ratio sampling)
70 sites sampled based on population distribution

In all the surveys, the investigator selected 30 houses at each site, distributed the questionnaire to the mailboxes of the selected households, and received a response from one member of the household, selected at random.
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire: Paper
Both surveys used the household drop-off method. Students retrieved responses. Some responses were returned by post.
Investigator Yoichi Murase and College of Sociology, Rikkyo University
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.1186
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation (1) 2014 Tokyo survey [ QuestionnaireFrequency Tables ]
(2) 2015 Sendai survey [ QuestionnaireFrequency Tables ]
(3) 2015 Fukushima survey [ QuestionnaireFrequency Tables ]
Major Survey Items Common items (*in some cases, response options differ slightly between surveys)
[Regarding lifestyle and society]
・Level of satisfaction (General lifestyle, Interpersonal relationships, Government's way of working post-earthquake, prefecture and town's way of working post-earthquake, work-related motivation)
・Frequency of participation in political activity
・Number of days of blackouts, water stoppages, etc. after earthquake
・People the respondent interacts with, content of neighborhood interaction
・Opinions regarding society (sense of economy recovering, trust in government regarding nuclear power incidents/earthquake response measures, etc.)
[Regarding society in general]
・Feeling of fairness
・Social/Political awareness (awareness of gender-based division of labor, views on politics, opinion of nuclear power plants, etc.)
・Mental health
・Views on social hierarchy
[Circumstances regarding the Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami and post-earthquake situation]
・Whether the respondent moved residence after the earthquake
・Type of residence lived in on March 11, the day of the disaster
・Political party supported
・Opinion on the future of nuclear power plants
・Opinion on disaster recovery

[Regarding the respondent]
・Family (number of household family members, family structure)
・Marital status
・Anxiety about the future
・Health condition
・Occupation (employment status, size of employee, official position, working hours per day)
・Post-earthquake changes (shopping/expenditure, change in job, household income)
・Form of housing of respondent's current residence
・Highest level of educational attainment
・Income (personal income, household income)

(1) 2014 Tokyo Metropolis survey
[Regarding lifestyle and society]
・Total number of years of residence at current municipality of residence
[Regarding society in general]
・Feelings regarding speed of recovery
[Circumstances relating to the Tohoku earthquake and tsunami]
・Details of any harm experienced
[Regarding the respondent]
・Regarding the activities of members of the Diet
・Places visited after the earthquake

(2) 2015 Sendai survey
[Regarding lifestyle and society]
・Total number of years of residence in Sendai City
・Location of the respondent at the time of the March 11 earthquake
・Views of victims
・Level of well-being
・Experience of the 1978 Miyagi-Oki Earthquake
・Details of any harm experienced
[Regarding society in general]
・Feelings regarding speed of recovery
[Post-disaster situation]
・Trust in Sendai City (Mayor, City Council, City Employees)
・Opinion on increases in expertise of members of city council
・Opinion on fixed number of members of Sendai City Council
[Regarding the respondent]
・Amount of financial losses

(3) 2015 Fukushima survey
[Regarding lifestyle and society]
・Total number of years of residence in Fukushima City
・Location of the respondent at the time of the March 11 earthquake
・Awareness of victims
・Level of well-being
・If respondent wants to continue living in Fukushima City in the future
・Details of any harm experienced
[Regarding society in general]
・Views on disaster recovery policy measures (Support for moving out of the prefecture, Support for recuperation/convalescence outside of the prefecture)
[Post-disaster situation]
・Feelings regarding speed of recovery
・Whether the respondent feels that things are on the road to recovery
[Regarding the respondent]
・Amount of financial losses
・Whether the respondent is registered as residing in Fukushima City
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Religion and values
Social behaviour and attitudes
Social change
Social conditions and indicators
Topics in SSJDA Security/Crime/Disaster
Version 1 : 2018-08-24
Notes for Users