University of Tokyo

Survey Number 1189
Survey Title Japan Quality of Life Survey, 2014
Depositor Economic and Social Research Institute, Cabinet Office, The Government of Japan
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. SSJDA's approval required.
Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
Nesstar Not available
Summary The goal of this survey is to continuously assess changes in people’s living conditions, attitudes, and behaviors, and to continuously gauge how much levels of happiness diverged among household members.

This was done as the panel survey of two time periods; the previous survey was done in 2013 (Heisei 24).
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Among households and individuals who participated in the previous survey (conducted from February to March 2013 (Heisei 24)), those who agreed to participate again
Unit of Observation Individual,Household
Sample Size Households: 1,932 (response rate: 62.6%)
Individuals: 4,066 (response rate: 73.0%,1,851 men, 2,215 women)
Date of Collection
Time Period
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure The survey in 2013 (Heisei 24, February to March) was conducted using three-stage stratified sampling (based on the Basic Resident Register). First, municipalities were selected. Then, survey areas in each municipality were selected. Finally, households in those areas were extracted. This survey placed importance on collecting information as a longitudinal survey. Respondents were confined to those who agreed in the survey conducted last year to join the next (this) survey and no replenishment was done.
Mode of Data Collection Placement (self-administered) method (Questionnaires were delivered and collected in person by survey staff. Each completed questionnaire was sealed when collected to ensure respondents’ privacy)
Investigator Economic and Social Research Institute, Cabinet Office, The Government of Japan, survey carried out by Shin Joho Center, Inc.
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation Household Questionnaire (Questionnaire A) [Questionnaire] [Tables]
Individual Questionnaire (Questionnaire B) [Questionnaire] [Tables]
Major Survey Items [Household Questionnaire (Questionnaire A)]
- Family/household members: presence of cohabiting family members, relationship to the head of the household (all household members), changes in the household structure in the past year, events happened to household members in the past year.
- State of residence/home: changes in place of residence in the past year (type of residence, number of rooms, total floor space)
- Household income.

[Individual Questionnaire (Questionnaire B)]
<Items in questionnaire>
(1)Level of happiness
- Self-evaluation regarding happiness (present, 5 years ago, 5 years later)
- Ideal level of happiness.
- Important factors to evaluate happiness (household economy, health condition, worth and satisfaction of work)

(2)Satisfaction in life
- Level of satisfaction with life (overall)
- Level of satisfaction in each life area: work, residence, standard of living, human relationship, family life, childrearing, health, medical services, sense of safety and security about the future, amount of time spent on doing what respondent likes to do, time allocation, etc.

(3)Economic situation/residential environment
- Difficulty in managing household budget
- Things that cannot be done due to economic reasons (to stay sufficiently warm in cold seasons, to purchase new clothes, to own a car, etc.)
- Feeling of burden associated with total home-related expenses
- Dissatisfaction with the residential environment (noise, air pollution, no park and green space nearby, etc.)
- State of cohabitation, frequency of seeing (spouse, children, parents, parents of spouse, etc.)
- Whether respondent feels safe when walking alone at night

(4)Trust in organizations
- Whether respondent trusts the following organizations: the Government of Japan, local public offices, the Diet, regional councils, etc.

(5)Feelings in everyday life/anxiety
- Emotions experienced yesterday: joy, calmness, anxiety, sorrow, happiness, melancholy, anger, stress, physical pain,lots of laughter
- Feelings about self and life: positive, optimistic about the future, capable of deciding freely how to live, etc.
- Emotions respondent probably felt during the past week: high-spirited, calm, lonely
- Anxiety about the following: unemployment, food safety, children’s future, public security, natural disasters, radioactive contamination, living expenses after retirement, death from overwork, solitary death

(6)Depression scale (K6): feeling extremely nervous, feeling desperate, feeling everything is laborious, feeling worthless, etc.

[Face items]
- Gender, age, changing jobs/poor health in the past year,
health condition, personal income, social security benefits

(1)Household/marital status
- Relationship to the head of the household, seniority in household (the rank counting from the eldest)
- Change of marital status, etc. in the past year
- State of nursing

(2)Regarding work
- Work status
- Employment-related status, how respondent is called at work
- State of workplace, working hours
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Topics in SSJDA Society/Culture
Version 2018/11/20 :
Notes for Users