University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0115
Survey Title Employment Conditions among those Working Overseas, 1996
Depositor Kansai Productivity Center
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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Summary This is the third survey of salaries for Japanese employees working overseas, preceded by the 1993 and 1994 surveys. To conduct these surveys, a research committee on overseas employees' working conditions was formed by selected companies and unions affiliated with the Kansai Productivity Center. The objective has been to clarify "popular" salary rates for different countries by securing an enough number of companies (respondents) to grasp trends in overseas salaries and by comparing their salaries for a model employee. For such comparison, a common formula has been used to derive a comprehensive salary rate (called "E salary" here) for the model employee at each company, controlling the effect of wage determinants. The rate has been thus a sum of monthly overseas salary (with payment in kind translated in money terms), monthly domestic salary, and incentive and hardship allowances, minus private expenses for children's education. The 1996 survey has added another dimension to the study by deriving index of each type of salary and allowance as well as bonus for different age and title groups against a base 100 figure for the model employee of 35 years of age. Data derived by index comparison has enabled us to estimate E salaries for different age and title groups on the basis of the E salary level for the model employee. Without an accurate grasp of popular rates, it is impossible to determine and change overseas salaries accurately. Ours is the only survey in Japan that can show a "whole picture" of the salaries of Japanese employees working outside Japan.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Companies sending 5 or more of the employees overseas
Unit of Observation Organization
Sample Size 98 companies
Date of Collection 1996-11-01 ~ 1996-11-01
November, 1996
Time Period 1996 ~ 1996
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure Probability: Simple random
About 1,200 companies were randomly sampled from the universe.
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaires by mail
Investigator Kansai Productivity Center
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0115
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Kansai Productivity Center (April, 1997) 1996-nendo kaigai kinmusha rodo joken chosa hokoku-sho: Kaigai kinmusha no kyuyo (The 1996 Report of Overseas Employees' Working Conditions: Survey of Overseas Employees Salaries).
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items Company profile: industry; capital; number of employees; number of employees working overseas.
Model employee's monthly salary by country: date of resetting basic salary payable overseas; salary system; basic salary, family allowance, other allowances, share of rent, share of automobile bills paid overseas and children's educational expenses borne individually (by country), salary paid in Japan, hardship allowance, monthly rent, price of automobile purchased, auto maintenance expenses, educational expenses for children.
Comparison and calculation of salary index by age and status: methods of calculating basic salary paid overseas, overseas work allowance, other allowances paid overseas, salary paid in Japan, and regional allowance; methods of calculating index for different age and title groups against a base 100 for the model employees of 35 years of age; payment of bonuses.
Date of Release 1999/10/15
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Working conditions
Foreign trade
Topics in SSJDA International Comparison/Diplomacy
Version 1 : 1999-10-15
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.