University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0406
Survey Title Survey on Values and Lifestyles in Urban Areas in Asia (AsiaBarometer, 2003)
Depositor Takashi Inoguchi
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' on the SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. SSJDA's approval required.
Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
SSJDA Data Analysis Not available
Summary The AsiaBarometer represents the largest ever, comparative survey in Asia, covering East, Southeast, South and Central Asia.

The AsiaBarometer distinguishes itself from many others in that it focuses on daily lives of ordinary people. It is not primary about values or democracy. It is primarily about how ordinary people live their life with their worries, angers, desires, and dreams. It focuses secondarily on their relationship to family, neighborhood, workplace, social and political institutions and market place. In a good contrast for others, the AsiaBarometer originates from the genuinely academic interest in the daily lives, views and sentiments of ordinary people in Asia as registered in survey data. And the AsiaBarometer makes utmost efforts to be sensitive to cultures and languages.

The AsiaBarometer is a direct and extended successor to the Asia-Europe Survey, an 18 country survey conducted in 2000. The AsiaBarometer is to be conducted every year in 20 countries in East, Southeast, South and Central Asia at least for the next 10 years.

The AsiaBarometer is headquartered at the Institute of Oriental Culture, University of Tokyo. It funded by a number of sources: business firms, the University of Tokyo, the Ministry of Education and Science, and a few foundations. Its surveys are conducted by the Gallup International networks coordinated by the Nippon Research Center.
Data Type quantitative research: micro data
Universe Male and Female aged 20-59 (each country). However, in India, sampling units were chosen from the socio-economic class areas of A, B, and C (middle to upper class area) of each city.
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size                  Designed Samples   Completed Samples
                    male   female         male   female
Japan:            388     412             398     459
South Korea:   406     394             407     393
China:            400     400             393     407
Malaysia:        401     399             393     407
Thailand:        394     406             394     406
Vietnam:        389     411             396     411
Myanmar:       394     406             391     409
India:             418     382             428     394
Sri Lanka:      400     400             408     392
Uzbekistan:    384     416             370     430
Date of Collection 2003-06-02 ~ 2003-09-15
Japan: June 4, 2003 - June 13, 2003
South Korea: June 3, 2003 - June 21, 2003
China: June 2, 2003 - June 21, 2003
Malaysia: June 5, 2003 - July 13, 2003
Thailand:June 12, 2003 - July 4, 2003
Vietnam:June 4, 2003 - July 16, 2003
Myanmar: July 3, 2003 - July 24, 2003
India: August 13, 2003 - August 28, 2003
Sri Lanka: August 9, 2003 - September 15, 2003
Uzbekistan: June 4, 2003 - June 20, 2003
Time Period 2003 ~ 2003
Spatial Unit Japan
Korea, Republic of
Viet Nam
Sri Lanka
Japan: All over Japan
South Korea: All over South Korea (Except Jeju province)
China: Eight metropolis (Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Chongqing, Xian, Nanjing, Dalian and Tsiogtao)
Malaysia: All over Malaysia
Thailand: All over Thailand
Vietnam:Four largest cities (Hanoi, Danang, Ho Chi Minh city and Cantho)
Myanmar: Four largest cities (Yangon, Mandalay, Kashio and Pathein)
India: Four largest cities (Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta and Chennai)
Sri Lanka: Three largest cities (Colombo, Kandy and Galle)
Uzbekistan: Seven largest cities (Tashkent, Samarkand, Andijon, Urgench, Bukhara, Ferghana and Namangan)
Sampling Procedure Probability: Systematic random
Probability: Stratified
Probability: Stratified: Proportional
Probability: Multistage
・First stage: They classified all municipalities in Japan into 5 regions, Hokkaido & Tohoku, Kanto, Chubu & Hokuriku, Kinki, and Chugoku & Shikoku & Kyusyu. Then, in each region, municipalities are stratified into 5 categories corresponding to their population sizes. Two hundred twenty primary sampling units are allocated to each block through proportionate allocation based on the population sizes of age 15 to 79.

・Second stage: Within each block, primary sampling units (census tracts) are randomly chosen through probability proportionate to size sampling.

・Third stage: Ten individuals are systematically chosen from each resident registration ledger of the census tracts.

・The collect rate of the survey is 58.8%. Originally this survey was conducted for the population aged between 15 and 79. However, to compare the results with other countries, the data of the people aged between 20 and 59 are reported. Therefore, valid responses, 857 are mush smaller than 58.8% of the total samples, 2200.

(Sampling methodologies of other each country are also mentioned. So refer to the report for details.)
Mode of Data Collection Face-to-face interview
Self-administered questionnaire
Japan: Placement method
All the other country: Face to face interview

The languages are as follows.

Japan: Japanese
South: Korea Korean
China: Mandarin Chinese
Malaysia: Malay, English and Chinese
Thailand: Thai
Vietnam: Vietnamese
Myanmar: Burmese
India: Hindi, English, Bengali and Tamil
Sri Lanka: Singhalese
Uzbekistan: Russian and Uzbek
Investigator Institute of Oriental Culture, The University of Tokyo
(Leader of the AsiaBarometer Project: Takashi Inoguchi)

Companies of the field survey are as follows.

Japan: Nippon Research Center
South Korea: Taylor Nelson Sofres Korea
China: Chinese Academy of Social Science Research Center
Malaysia: Taylor Nelson Sofres Malaysia
Thailand: OCN & Associates Company limited
Vietnam: TNS Vietnam
Myanmar: TNS Vietnam
Sri Lanka: TNS MODE
Uzbekistan: RAI Uzbekistan

DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0406
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Values and Life Styles in Urban Asia -A Cross-Cultural Analysis and Sourcebook Based on the AsianBarometer Survey of 2003 -March, 2005, Edited by Takashi Inoguchi, Miguel Basanez, Akihiko Tanaka, Timur DadabaevInstitute of Oriental CultureThe University of Tokyo
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo][Abstract][Table][Search]
Major Survey Items 1.Social Infrastructure Development
Public utility (Water supply, Electricity, Piped gas), Effect of pollution on your daily life, Current residence, Any plan to purchase a residence in the next 1-2 years, Fixtures/Equipment at home, Planning to purchase fixtures/equipment at home, Means of transport

2.Economic Conditions
Owned by household, Planning to purchase by household, Services used, Likely to use, Manufacturers heard of, Information on, Purchase (newspapers, magazines, books)

3.Life Values and Satisfactions
Eating (breakfast, evening meal), Purchases, Alcoholic beverages, Globalization in daily life, "If you are happy or not these days", Degree of satisfaction, Standard of living, Important in life, Worried about

4.Social Actions, Customs and Rules
Trust in people, Trust in human good, "I would always stop to help, if I saw somebody on the street looking lost", "I would adopt in order to continue the family line", "I would employ the person with the highest grade", Main breadwinner dies or cannot work, Gender equality in[country], Speeding up a government permission

Proud of being [nationality], Transnational identity, Important social circles or groups, The most important social circle or group

6.Political Consciousness
Influence on your country, "Trust in…?", "How well the central government deals with", "Government spending on…", "Votes in…", "A citizens have a duty to vote in elections", Political systems, "Satisfied with…"

7.Health Conditions
Suffered in the past 3 months, Usual usage of sanitary-protection products

8.Data for Survey Respondents
Number of family who needs special care, Child/ren wearing diapers, Gender, Age, Education, Speak English, Marital status, Occupation, Income, Household income, Religion, Attending religious services or visit a place of worship
Date of Release 2005/10/12
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Political behaviour and attitudes
Political ideology
Social behaviour and attitudes
Topics in SSJDA International Comparison/Diplomacy
Version 1 : 2005-10-12
Notes for Users