University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0002
Survey Title Fact-finding Survey on Wage Setting among Small and Medium-sized Enterprises, 1995
Depositor JTUC Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standard
(Former Name:Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards)
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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Nesstar Not available
Summary Due to such unexpected contingencies as the Hanshin quake and a sharp rise in the value of yen, 1995 negotiations for higher wages ended up in lowest rates ever despite an earlier observation that, as the economy had begun to recover, no condition for lower rates existed for this year than those settled for last year. In particular small- and medium-size manufacturers were hard hit by their parent companies' restructuring practices, engagement in overseas business, and cuts in unit prices--a phenomenon feared to help widen wage disparities. Against the backdrop, this research asks what factors have determined wage levels at smaller companies and to what extent the levels have been influenced by the wage hikes at large companies as well as by the kind of business relationships between the two types of companies including the unit price. The researcher's aim is to thereby provide findings helpful in considering the way wages at smaller companies is to be determined in the future.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Small- and medium-size companies
Unit of Observation Organization
Sample Size 679 effective responses from a sample of 1,400 such companies
Date of Collection 1995-05 ~ 1995-06
May-June, 1995
Time Period 1995 ~ 1995
Spatial Unit
Sampling Procedure Probability: Simple random
Random sampling of 1,400 companies from a company list
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire
The Medium/Small Labor Movement Center at JTUC, JUTC-RIALS, and the Labor Research Council (commissioned by Rengo) planned and designed the survey, and subsequently distributed and collected questionnaires.
Investigator JTUC (Rengo) Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards, JTUC Medium/Small Labor Movement Center, and Labor Research Council
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0002
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) JTUC-RIALS and Medium/Small Labor Movement Center [no date] Chu-sho kigyo no chingin kettei no jittai ni kansuru chosa-1995 nen 6 gatsu jisshi [Survey on the Wage Determination among Medium- and Small-size Companies: Conducted in June, 1995]
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items (1) Industry; capital amount; number of employees; parent company; company with or without union; and other basic properties of the company: (2) this year's wage increases (timing, levels, and rates of increase): (3) evaluation of rates; their determinant factors; condition of negotiation: (4) characteristics of wage system such as wage list and mandatory raise: (5) evaluation of levels; and narrowing gaps between large and smaller companies.
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Economic conditions and indicators
Labour relations/conflict
Working conditions
Topics in SSJDA Employment/Labor
Version 1 : 1998-04-01
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.