University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 0037
Survey Title Survey on Elderly Life and Welfare Services, 1985
Depositor Japan Institute of Life Insurance
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Summary Japan after the war saw not only the shift from the ie system to the husband-wife-centered family system but also urbanization and increased nuclear families as it underwent substantial social and economic changes. As a consequence, the ability of the family to support and care old parents has weakened to a great extent. In the meantime, despite the sharply increased share of the elderly in the population and the expanding need for welfare services for the elderly, the current massive fiscal deficits are calling for reconsideration of the conventional welfare policy. Thus, how to finance various welfare services for supporting the lives of senior citizens is surfacing as a big social issue. Taking this situation into consideration, this survey aims to explore the possibility of the private sector's advancement into the welfare field and to identify matters of caution for such advancement. For these objectives, the survey investigates people aged between 66 and 64 who live in the Metropolitan area, and studies their consciousness of life after retirement, care problems in the immediate environment, intention for using welfare services, recognition of these services, and opinion of the private sector's entry into the field of welfare.
Universe Male and female individuals aged between 55 and 64, as of January 1, 1985
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size 1,059 effective responses from a sample of 1,500 such individuals (Rate of effective response: 70.6%)
Time Period January-February, 1985
Spatial Unit The Metropolitan area (within a 50-kilometer radius of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government buildings)
Sampling Procedure Stratified two-stage random sampling (69 localities)
Mode of Data Collection Face-to-face interview system
Investigator Japan Institute of Life Insurance. The field work was performed by the New Information Center.
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Japan Institute of Life Insurance (September, 1985) Rogo seikatsu to fukushi sabisu ni kansuru chosa, fukushi kyokyu shisutemu tagenka no ugoki to yuryo fukushi sabisu no tenkai [The Research on Life after Retirement and Welfare Services: The Movement toward a Diversified Welfare Supply System and the Development of Paid Welfare Services]
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items Demographic items:
Sex; age; with or without paid work; form of employment; industry; last school attended; marital status; age of spouse; spouse's form of employment; number of family members living with Respondent, and family composition; main livelihood earner; care of parents experienced and persons cared; type of medical insurance; monthly living expenses; annual household income; savings; children, their sex and life stage; type of dwelling; and housing loan obligations.
Questionnaire items:
Family conversations about how to live after aging; time when life after aging begins; funds prepared for life after aging and sense of anxiety; worry about immediate nursing care after aging; intention to use various types of welfare services, recognition of and interest in these services, how to bear the expenses, and requests; community welfare services; opinion on private involvement in welfare service; distribution of property to children; financial support from children; senior life planning (e.g. living arrangements with children); whom to expect immediate care from; senior housing and how to obtain it; and view of senior life.
Date of Release 1998/04/01
Version Registered on April 1, 1998.
Topics SocialSecurity/Welfare
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.