University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 0039
Survey Title Survey on Women's Life Attitudes, 1986
Depositor Japan Institute of Life Insurance
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Summary The shift to the tertiary industry in the overall industrial structure and the implementation of the Equal Employment Opportunity Law have generated more and more employment opportunities for women, and, coupled by the growth of highly educated women, reduced domestic labor, lower birth rates, these factors have also led to a rapid expansion in women's social participation and desire for learning. Against the backdrop, this survey was conducted in order to clarify changes in the women's life consciousness and the state of contemporary women, specifically from the perspective of "women's independence and improvement in status" -an international theme of the UN Women's Decade. As such this survey takes up a variety of dimensions including sense of independence in human relations as indicated by sense of equality between wife and husband and sense of reliance on children and one's own parents' home, awareness of agency in having social interests and participating in community activities, life consciousness with respect to marriage, divorce, and division of domestic labor, and state of work as indicated by annual income and employment status.
Universe Women aged between 20 and 59.
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size 2,341 responses from a sample of 3,000 such women. (Rate of return: 78.0%)
Time Period August-September, 1986
Spatial Unit All over Japan (300 locales)
Sampling Procedure Stratified two-stage random sampling
Mode of Data Collection Face-to-face interview system
Investigator Japan Institute of Life Insurance. The field work was performed by Chuo chosasha.
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Japan Institute of Life Insurance (June, 1987) Josei no seikatsu ishiki ni kansuru chosa-jiritsu ishiki wo megutte [The Survey on Women's Desire for Life: Study Centering around Their Sense of Independence]
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items Demographic items:
Age; last school attended; occupation, type of job, and size of firm's workforce; annual income; household head's occupation, type of job, and size of firm's workforce; age of last-born child; marital status; annual income of household head; household savings; home ownership; housing loan obligations; parents alive or dead; and father's occupation, type of job, and size of firm's workforce.
Questionnaire items:
(1) View of marriage and divorce: attitude toward marriage; reasons for or against marriage; attitudes to divorce; request for compensation upon divorce; and children and divorce.
(2) View of family: awareness on household chores; awareness on childraising; the way parents and children should be; sense of gender equality; and wife-husband and parent-child relationships after old age.
(3) View of work/employment: view of work/employment; type of work; full-time homemaker v.s. career woman; intention for work in the future; state of work/employment (work history and desirable form of work/employment); occasion which led to work; reasons for not having a paid job; husband's work permission; satisfactory workplace; and desired place of childcare while on duty.
(4) Sense of independence: sense of dependence on one's own parents' home (persons to rely on, how to rely on them, and livelihood upon husband's early death and upon divorce); participation in social activities; consciousness of agency; sense of individualization; and degree of self-satisfaction.
Date of Release 1998/04/01
Version Registered on April 1, 1998.
Topics Society/Culture
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.