University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 0050
Survey Title Survey on Life Attitudes of Married Couples, 1994
Depositor Japan Institute of Life Insurance
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Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Summary The Japanese today spend more time before marriage, produce less children, see more women outside home, act more as individuals, and live longer in the advanced information society. This survey was conducted against the backdrop of such social changes in order to grasp the life consciousness and behavior of contemporary husbands and wives and to explore future trends of the life style of married couples. In doing so, the survey centers on the issues of husband-wife communication, role division, and decision-making, and attempts to uncover gender gaps as well as gaps between reality and intention in these dimensions of everyday life. The survey also investigates what role communication plays for the contemporary married couple.
Universe Married men and women aged between 20 and 49.
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size 2,355 effective responses from a sample of 3,000 such individuals. (Rate of effective return: 78.5%)
Time Period August 27-September 11, 1994
Spatial Unit The Metropolitan area within a 50-kilometer radius (200 localities)
Sampling Procedure Two-stage stratified random sampling
Mode of Data Collection Interview system
Investigator Japan Institute of Life Insurance The field work was performed by Chuo chosasha.
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Japan Institute of Life Insurance (March, 1995) Fufu no seikatsu ishiki ni kansuru chosa -fufu no sogo rikai wo motomete [Survey of the Life Consciousness of Married Couples: In Pursuit of Wife-Husband Mutual Understanding]
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items Demographic items:
Sex, relation to parents, spouse's relation to parents, age, occupation, workweek, average time of coming back home, spouse's occupation, spouse's workweek, spouse's average time of coming back home, annual income, spouse's annual income, type of dwelling, how home was owned, age married, how Respondent met spouse, marriage for love or not, family members living with R., last school attended, and spouse's last school attended.
Questionnaire items:
(1) Marriage and family values; (2) husband-wife communication (how to call each other; means; form of conversation; what they talk about; frequency; importance of sex life; frequency and purpose of gift giving; shopping, eating out, going to see a film/play, and traveling with spouse); (3) sharing household chores-current state and future intentions (cooking; doing the dishes; cleaning; shopping; laundry; overall); (4) childbearing, childraising, and children's education (number of children desired; reasons for not wanting more; who raises children; who takes children to and brings them back from kindergarten; real and ideal decision-making rights in education); (5)wife's life course and purpose of having job (real and ideal life course; wife's purpose of having job); (6)couple's income and spending (form of income; how single income is divided; whether husband has separate purse, whether wife has pocket money; how double-income is divided; household spending or individual spending; financial management as it is and as intended; spending decision-making right); (7) time, leisure, and hobbies (free time spent alone as it is and as intended; time spent with spouse alone, priority, reasons for short time, and intentions; how holidays are spent; leisure as it is and as intended and decision-maker; common hobbies); (8) relationships with people around the couple (sphere of socialization; relations with friends and people of opposite sex; relations with parents and community); (9) couple's security of life (wife's security of life; decision-making right on security preparation); and (10) degree of satisfaction with spouse.
Date of Release 1998/04/01
Version Registered on April 1, 1998.
Topics Society/Culture
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.