University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 0052
Survey Title Survey of Attitudes toward Public Social Security and Self-assisting Efforts, 1996
Depositor Japan Institute of Life Insurance
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Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Summary As Japan's population has been rapidly aging and slowly reproducing, the social security system which provides public medicine and pensions has become a national concern, inviting public debate over who bears the burden, who benefits and how, what is the role division between the public and private sectors, and so on. In addition to the revision of the current system, introduction of a public nursing care insurance system is under study. Against the backdrop, this survey specifically seeks future roles for the public means of security and self-help efforts in preparing for security of life, by grasping both the public "consciousness on public security" and the public "consciousness on and the actual state of personal preparation."
Universe Male and female individuals age 20 and above.
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size 2,451 effective responses from a sample of 3,000 such individuals (Rate of effective return: 81.7%)
Time Period August 23-September 8, 1996
Spatial Unit All over Japan (200 localities)
Sampling Procedure Two-stage stratified random sampling
Mode of Data Collection Record system in which questionnaires were distributed by direct visit.
Investigator Japan Institute of Life Insurance The field work was performed by Chuo chosasha.
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Japan Institute of Life Insurance (March, 1997) Koteki hosho to jijo doryoku ni kansuru ishiki chosa. [Survey of the Public Consciousness on Social Security and Self-Support]
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items Demographic and other basic items:
Sex; age; occupation; size of firm's full-time workforce; annual income; marital status; age of spouse; occupation of spouse; annual income of husband and wife; monthly living expenses of the couple; children; age of last-born child; family members living with Respondent; public pension being paid; form of dwelling; financial assets; and experience of nursing care.
Questionnaire items:
(1) Worry about life: financial preparation and worry about preparation.
(2) Medical security: consciousness on medical services (anxiety, and services Respondent is willing to pay for); means of financing medical expenses (most important and second important means; and importance of personal preparation); consciousness on the public medical insurance system (recognition; coping with increased burden of medical expenses for the elderly; attitudes toward the system; degree of satisfaction; burdensomeness of contributions and self-paid expenses; consciousness on and the actual state of personal preparation (awareness of necessity and its reasons, state of preparation, and future intention); and requests on preparing for medical security.
(3) Security after aging: consciousness on senior life (financial anxiety, and ideal senior life); means of financing living expenses for senior life (most important and second important means, and importance of personal preparation); consciousness on and degree of satisfaction with public pension plan, and burdensomeness of contributions; consciousness on and the actual state of personal preparation (awareness of necessity and its reasons, state of preparation, and future intention); requests on security after aging.
(4) Security of nursing care: consciousness on care, and worry when care is needed; means of financing care expenses (most important and second important means, and importance of personal preparation); consciousness on bill of public care insurance system (recognition and intention, consciousness, and degree of satisfaction); consciousness and the actual state of personal preparation (awareness of necessity and its reasons, state of preparation, and future intention); consciousness on use of care services (provision of services R. favors, expenses for use; consciousness on public care services, and consciousness of private care services); and requests on preparing for security of nursing care.
(5) Public insurance systems and self-help efforts: tax burden, social security burden, and sense of burden; difference in consciousness on different public insurance systems and degree of satisfaction; consciousness of priority between public security and personal effort in preparing for security; advantages of personal preparation; better public security v.s. better support for self-help; and recognition of and intention for deduction for life insurance premiums and private pension insurance premiums.
Date of Release 1998/04/01
Version Registered on April 1, 1998.
Topics SocialSecurity/Welfare
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.