University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 0059
Survey Title Survey on the Future Outlook for White-collar Careers among University Graduates and their Treatment, 1992
Depositor Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards
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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Nesstar Not available
Summary The growth of service industries and jobs has accompanied more highly educated workers in the labor market than before. Across industries, recruitment of white-collar workers is expanding. Accordingly, their career formation and treatment have become important issues for companies in securing human resources and devising personnel policy. This survey was conducted for the specific objective of providing basic data to capture problems involved in the career formation and treatment of white-collar college graduates and facilitate policy-making in the same areas.
Universe About 800 companies to which JTUC-affiliated unions belong.
Unit of Observation Organization
Sample Size A sample of 810, of which 309 (38.1%) returned valid responses.
Time Period January--February, 1992
Spatial Unit
Sampling Procedure The headquarters of each industrial union selected companies at will.
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaires. The researcher determined the number of respondents and distributed questionnaires to companies through industrial unions and their member unions. Anonymous questionnaires were then mailed directly back to the researcher.
Investigator JTUC Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards
Sponsors (Funds) Employment Promotion Project Corporation
Related Publications (by the Investigator) JTUC-RIALS (March 1992) Howaito-kara no koyo to shogu ni okeru roshi no torikumi ni kansuru chosa-kenkyu hokokusho (The Report of Research Study on Labor-Management Efforts at Employing and Treating White-collar Workers).
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items Company profile:
Number of employees; industry; year established; ratio of white-collar workers with B.A.; changes in composition of work force.

Questionnaire items:
I Recruitment policy: mid-career recruitment for 1991; college students' job-seeking attitude ("brand" or job); job consideration at recruitment (current and future); major age cohort within company, their impacts on younger generation; necessity of reverse appointments.
II Placement policy: current state and future prediction of transfer and loan assignments; effect of loan assignment on work incentives among white-collar workers with B.A.; consideration of their own placement/rotation preferences; treatment and career formation systems for them; evaluation of systems reflecting their placement/rotation preferences; necessity to consider their preferences/circumstances at transfer; matters of emphasis at transfer; "bachelor's transfer" among them
III Treatment and evaluation: future of seniority system; factors which change seniority system; effects of change; evaluation criteria to be stressed in the future; making evaluation information available (feedback to the worker, future policy); age for promotion to section manager.
IV Salaries: effect of higher initial salary on salary gaps based on age; evaluation of (anticipated) smaller gaps; treatment of white-collar workers who performed well; measures to be improved to treat good performers; treatment of white-collar occupations suffering labor shortage, and measures to be improved.
V Corporate welfare policy: purposes (current state and future direction); workers' atterns of gaining home ownership; necessity of complete housing policies; most important housing policy; promotion of seniority and corporate welfare plans (current and future); current use of corporate welfare plans.
Date of Release 2000/04/07
Version Registered on April 7, 2000.
Topics Employment/Labor
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.