University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 0064
Survey Title Survey on Skill Formation among Small and Medium-sized Manufacturing Enterprises, 1993
Depositor Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards
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Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Summary The production systems of large firms depend on the vast arrays of small and medium-sized companies for their parts and technologies. Core skills at the smaller companies, however, are supported only by the aging generation of people who were fresh from school when moved to the cities for group employment. Thus the transfer of skills represents an issue which concerns the very base of the entire manufacturing industry. Creating opportunities for learning skills and using abilities at those companies is necessary also from the viewpoint of narrowing the gap in working conditions between large and small enterprises-a discrepancy brought in part by the division of labor between them as it interacts with the stratified labor market. This survey focuses on the manufacturing industry, and attempts to clarify relevant policy issues by investigating the details of skill formation at small enterprises. This survey was commissioned by the Small Enterprise Skill Formation Project, which was formed by the JTUC and JTUC-RIALS for the purpose of identifying the current state and problems of skills. Although it is a questionnaire survey, interviews were also conducted in some cases.
Universe Managers of smaller manufacturing companies. Companies with less than 300 employees were tabulated.
Unit of Observation Organization
Sample Size A sample of 2,800 companies, of which 799 (28.5%) responded. 666 of them were tabulated.
Time Period November, 1993
Spatial Unit
Sampling Procedure
Mode of Data Collection
Investigator JTUC Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards and the JTUC Small Enterprise Skill Formation Project.
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) JTUC-RIALS and JTUC Small Enterprise Skill Formation Project (May, 1994) Chusho-seizogyo no gino keisei ni kansuru chosa (Survey of Skill Formation at Smaller Manufacturers).
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items Corporate profile: capital; year established; line of business; number of regular employees; industry; type of processing.
Current skills: central skills; age of skilled workers; number of years required to become skilled; ratio of skilled workers at manufacturing site; rate of skilled workers who stay, and (if low) reasons for low rate of stay and measures for a higher rate; history of central skilled figures; sufficiency of skilled workers.
Future skills: planned skill transfer and training, and methods; results of skill transfer and training, and obstacles; possibility of mechanization/automation of skills and (if impossible) reasons.
Treatment of skilled workers: treating methods for skilled workers; reflection of skill levels on wages; retirement age and employment extension for skilled workers; time management of skilled workers; requests on skill transfer and training; future of Japanese smaller companies.
Recent business results: trends/outlook of output and shipment; current business problems; measures against lower sales turnover; future business outlook; recruitment in '90 and '93 and current staffing; restructuring in past year; restructuring scheduled for next 1/2 year.
Date of Release 2000/02/08
Version Registered on February 8, 2000.
Topics Employment/Labor
Economy/Industry/Management
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.