University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0069
Survey Title Survey on Work and Childrearing, 1994
Depositor JTUC Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standard
(Former Name:Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards)
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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Nesstar Not available
Summary It is becoming a big problem for the workers how to balance work and childcare as they work, given the trend that more women are entering the job market and more families are becoming nuclear families. Since April 1999, the Childcare Leave Act has been effective and the Act has been providing measures to enable workers with childcare responsibilities to remain continuously in their work. This survey of married couples with dual income and childcare responsibilities for children under school age, was conducted in order to clarify how extensively the childcare leave system has been utilized, the couples ideas about childcare leave and the their needs with respect to balancing work and childcare. The survey further aims to investigate what kind of childcare support policies are necessary for the workers with children to have the chance to demonstrate their full capacity and lead a satisfying life.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Married couples with children, the youngest among which is in preschool.
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size 1,092 effective responses from a sample of 2,000 people (rate of effective return: 54.6%)
Date of Collection 1994-11 ~ 1995-01
November 1994-January 1995
Time Period 1994 ~ 1995
Spatial Unit
Sampling Procedure
Mode of Data Collection A record system in which questionnaires were distributed via JTUC-affiliated industrial unions to the sub-unions. Questionnaires were collected by mail.
Investigator JTUC Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0069
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) JTUC-RIALS (March, 1995) Kinrosha Kazoku Mondai no Sogo-teki Chousa Kenkyu Houkokusho [Report on the General Survey of Workers Family Problems]
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items Basic Data:
Respondent's status (residence, sex, age, education); current occupation(current employment settings, composition of type of business of the company, number of employees in the company and the particular office he/she is located, type of job, position at work, job substitutive or not, number of years employed, average working hours per day, commuting time, form of holiday distribution; family conditions (living with parents or not, spouse's education, spouse's employment, number of children, age of the youngest child, employment during pregnancy of the youngest child).
Question Items:
Consciousness of Childcare: how retirement at marriage/childbirth is perceived at work, general attitude toward working women with preschool children in the residential community, ideas about primary caretaker of the children, distribution of childcare work with respect to caring the youngest child, ordinary distribution of childcare work, reasons for disagreeing with the distribution of childcare work, people to whom one can turn in case of children's sickness and injury.
Childcare Leave System: awareness of the existence of Childcare Leave Act, provisions with respect to childcare leave system in the labor agreement and the office regulation of the employer, upper age limit of the child for the employee to be eligible for using the employer's childcare leave system, date childcare leave system was introduced.
Utilization of Childcare Leave System: various systems provided for maternity protection and balancing of work and childcare and to what extent they are utilized, whether or not the couple talked over using the childcare leave system upon birth of the youngest child, to what extent childcare leave systems is utilized, reasons for being the sole person to take childcare leave (reasons for not dividing the period of childcare leave with your spouse).
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Working conditions
Family life and marriage
Specific social services: use and availability
Topics in SSJDA Employment/Labor
Version 1 : 1999-09-20
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.