University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 0073
Survey Title Survey on Work Problems among Mainstay-Employment Managers, 1994
Depositor Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards
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Summary The insecure employment situation has reached white-collar employees as the conventional arrangements of employment and treatment have been put under scrutiny. This survey was conducted in order to clarify what leading managers (centering around section-level managers) think of such arrangements and what issues their idea may bring to the prevailing labor-management relations. Earlier in 1993, our research study of unionists' boundaries disclosed the current state of management strata in relation to such boundaries and the labor-management response to that state. To build on the research study, this survey investigated what the managers themselves think of their own position and what particular needs they have. The survey consists of two parts: the Union Questionnaire, which was conducted in cooperation with JTUC-affiliated unions and the Office District Questionnaire, which was directly applied to an office district in Tokyo.
Universe [Union Questionnaire]
Leading male managers in their mid-30s to 40s who work at the main offices (in principle) of companies where JUTC unions are organized. (About a half of the respondents were section managers and another half, section chiefs.)
[Office District Questionnaire]
Leading managers on the way to office at one station.
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size [Union Questionnaire]
A sample of 1,000, of whom 520 (52%) returned valid responses.
[Office District Questionnaire]
A sample of 500, of whom 97 (19.4%) returned valid responses.
Time Period [Union Questionnaire] November--December, 1994
[Office District Questionnaire] December 7, 1994
Spatial Unit [Office District Questionnaire] Tokyo
Sampling Procedure [Union Questionnaire]
50 respondents per company X 20 companies. Selection was entrusted to each union.
Mode of Data Collection [Union Questionnaire]
Self-administered questionnaires were distributed via JTUC-affiliated unions and were directly mailed back to the JTUC-RIALS in self-addressed envelops.
[Office District Questionnaire]
Self-administered questionnaires were distributed directly to the respondents on the morning of December 7, 1994 and were mailed back to the JTUC-RIALS in self-addressed envelops.
Investigator JTUC Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) JTUC-RIALS and Employment Promotion Corporation (March 1995) Chuken kanrishoku-so no koyo shogu to kuniai nizu ni kansuru chosa kenkyu hokokusho (Report of Research Study on Leading Managers' Employment and Treatment and Union Needs).
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items Demographic items: age; education; seniority; work field; title; number of subordinates; union membership; union office held or not; number of regular employees at company; company's industry; place of work.

Questionnaire items:
Work and treatment: problems Respondent has; worries triggered by restructuring; view of working style; view of manager's responsibility, employment and rewards; view of the allegedly shrinking role of leading managers resulting from advanced information processing technologies and flattened organizations; degree of satisfaction with current work; expected title at mandatory retirement age; R's perceived strengths attractive to potential employers; predicted work situation at mandatory retirement age.
Labor unions: job titles subject to union membership at company (as a principle); job titles desirable for unionists; attitude to union organization among managers; issues unions should emphasize in the future.
Date of Release 2000/02/08
Version Registered on February 8, 2000.
Topics Employment/Labor
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.