University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 0075
Survey Title Survey on Deregulations (Unions, Individuals), 1997
Depositor Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards
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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Summary In the midst of an "age of great competition" which arrived with the collapse of the bubble economy, our country is facing the need for structural adjustment and is promoting deregulation in various fields. Included is the field of employment, in which revision is in progress of the current employment security legislation with respect to (out)placement and labor standard legislation involving the contract period and working hours. In either case, the aim is to make the existing employment system more flexible. This survey of workers and their unions was conducted to obtain data conductive to respond adequately to the employment conditions which are diversifying in response to the changing industrial structure. For the objective, it attempts to uncover the subjects' basic idea about deregulation measures as well as their demand regarding the preparation of various conditions in the field of employment. The survey was carried out with the establishment of a "Committee for Research Study on Effects of Deregulation on Employed Labor."
Universe [Union Questionnaire] 30 Rengo-affiliated tansan unions
[Individual Questionnaire] Unionists
Unit of Observation Individual,Organization
Sample Size [Union Questionnaire] 1,000 unions; 402 effective responses (rate: 40.2%)
[Individual Questionnaire] 1,500 unionists; 759 effective responses (rate: 51.3%)
Time Period January--February, 1997
Spatial Unit
Sampling Procedure The aforementioned 30 unions selected individual unions.
Mode of Data Collection A record system in which the entrusted unions distributed questionnaires and the respondents, after filling them out, mailed them directly to JTUC-RIALS. The questions for unions and unionists are almost the same (with some different demographic questions).
Investigator JTUC (Rengo) Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards
Sponsors (Funds) Research study commissioned by the Ministry of International Trade and Industry
Related Publications (by the Investigator) JTUC-RIALS (March, 1997) Heisei 8-nendo, shin-jidai no roshi kankei ni kansuru chosa kenkyu (Kisei kanwa no koyo-rodo ryoiki heno eikyo ni tsuiteno chosa kenkyu) (Research Study on Industrial Relations in a New Era, 1996-Research Study on Effects of Deregulation on Employed Labor)
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Kumiai Chosa-hyo][Kojin Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items 1. General view of deregulation; attitude to reconsideration of public regulation of daily life
2. Favorable and unfavorable effects of deregulation in various fields; effects on the management environment of R's firm.
3. View of regulations on the placement system; conditions necessary for private placement businesses.
4. View of regulations on the labor-supplying business and temporary services; expansion of duties subject to outplacement and its effects; effects of increased temporary workers; working conditions for temporary labor.
5. View of regulations on labor contracts; future duties for contract workers; types of workers and forms of employment R's firm will emphasize.
6. View of regulations on working hours; expansion of the sphere of discretional labor and its effects; whether R wants to work under the discretional working-hour system.
7. View of female workers' protective regulations and possible effects of their abolition; view of the revised Equal Employment Opportunity Act.
8. View of abolition of the Spouse's Deduction system; possible effects of abolition.
9. Orientation toward job switching; orientation toward promotion; future outlook of occupational life; worry about job and workplace in the future (only in the Individual Questionnaire).
Date of Release 2000/02/08
Version Registered on February 8, 2000.
Topics Employment/Labor
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.