University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 0081
Survey Title Survey of Overseas Expansion of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises, 1995
Depositor Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Summary More and more small companies are establishing a production base outside Japan. In many cases, the movement involves smallest companies. And in many cases, such small companies have been incorporated into the international division of labor, which is now under formation in Asia. This survey was conducted for the objective of clarifying the current state and issues of structural changes in overseas business advancement and the agents of such advancement. It is characterized by (1) focusing on smaller companies among other small companies, (2) investigating, for a comprehensive understanding of overseas advancement, not only those with local subsidiaries but also others which have only commissioned production, and (3) providing a chronological analysis of the state of overseas advancement. An interview survey was also conducted with the questionnaire survey.
Universe NLFC's clients with at least 10 employees in the manufacturing and retail industries.
Unit of Observation Organization
Sample Size A sample of 16,378, of which 6,087 (37.2%) returned valid responses.
Time Period August, 1995
Spatial Unit All over Japan
Sampling Procedure
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaires by mail.
Investigator NLFC Research Institute
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) NLFC Research Institute (March, 1996) Chusho-kigyo no kaigai shinshutsu no jittai (The State of Overseas Advancement among Small Companies).
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items (1) Domestic business profile: history; age of employer; number of employees; sales trends; profit for 1994; currently producing overseas or not; overseas relations; plans for overseas production; countries planned for production; purposes of production; why Respondent can't produce overseas; why R does not have to produce overseas.
(2) Past, present and future of overseas production (borne or commissioned): number of production bases; summary of base (starting year, country, form of production); form and rate of investment for subsidiary; number of domestic employees and subsidiary employees (at time of starting overseas production, present, and prediction of 3 years from now); domestically producing or not; content of overseas production; grade, appointed date of delivery, production volume, and production cost for overseas product (at time of starting overseas production, present, and prediction of 3 years from now); purposes of overseas production; costs and financing at time of starting overseas production; monthly wages for overseas production workers; price comparison at factory shipment; prospects for domestic/overseas production value; sales outlet for overseas product; ratio for local sales (at time of starting overseas production, present, and 3 years from now); problems; subsidiary's profitability (at time of starting overseas production, present, and 3 years from now); plans for more/fewer overseas production bases; location plans for overseas production; self-evaluation of overseas production; experience of retreat and countries involved.
Date of Release 2000/10/03
Version Registered on October 3, 2000.
Topics Economy/Industry/Management
InternationalComparison/Diplomacy
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.