University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 0082
Survey Title Survey on the Management among the Retail Industry, 1990
Depositor Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Summary While a higher income level and other factors have enhanced private consumption, the infrastructure supplying "social consumption" seems to be deteriorating. One explanatory factor lies in the extremely severe management environment for small retailers and shopping streets, which have played various roles as members of the local communities. The conventional Japanese retail structure, characterized by smallness and numerousness, is being transformed now. How are the small retail shops and shopping streets responding to the environmental change? What is the future of the community retail shops? The survey was conducted with such questions in mind.
Universe Retail shops (other than eating and drinking places) which NLFC financed in February, 1990.
Unit of Observation Organization
Sample Size A sample of 3,500, of which 1,330 (38.0%) returned valid responses.
Time Period July, 1990
Spatial Unit All over Japan
Sampling Procedure Random sampling
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaires by mail
Investigator NLFC Research Institute
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) NLFC (May, 1991) "Gekido no jidai wo ikiru chusho kourigyo: chusho kourigyo no keiei ni kansuru jittai chosa kekka" (The Small Retail Trade in an Age of Upheaval: Survey Report on Management), Chosa kiho No.17.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items (1) Company profile: year established; age of employer; employer's generation from founder; year succeeded; type of organization (incorporated or not); form of business; number of employees (now and 5 years ago); commodity sales and trends; household income; non-retail household income; real estate; location.
(2) Environmental changes for past 5 years and responses: management environment; shop's response; effect of response.
(3) Competition with large stores: trends of large stores; impact of large stores; location of large stores; type of competitors.
(4) Future management policy; intentions for succession; successor decided or not; financing for closing shop; income after closing shop.
(5) Borrowing: policy; borrowing from NLFC.
(6) Shopping streets/malls: type of commercial area; competition with other area; type of commercial area which is winning; distance between Respondent and winning area; activating measures, taken or not, (if taken), measures and their effect; life stage of R's area.
Date of Release 2000/10/03
Version Registered on October 3, 2000.
Topics Economy/Industry/Management
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.