University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0084
Survey Title Survey on State of New Business Start-ups, 1991
Depositor Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. Depositor's approval required.
Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
Nesstar Not available
Summary The need for clarifying the state of new start-ups is heightened in order to maintain the viability of the Japanese economy. Our Institute has thus decided to build up on the past surveys of new start-ups (carried out in 1969, 1970, 1972, 1982, and 1989) and publish current findings in the form of white paper. This survey is the 6th of the kind, and accompanies an interview survey.
Universe A total of 5,715 companies, one year old or younger, among others financed by NLFC between April and September, 1990.
Unit of Observation Individual,Organization
Sample Size A sample of 5,715, of which 1,516 (26.5%) returned valid responses.
Time Period July, 1991
Spatial Unit All over Japan
Sampling Procedure
Mode of Data Collection
Investigator NLFC Research Institute
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) NLFC Research Institute (ed) (July, 1992) Shinki kaigyo hakusho: Heisei 4-nen ban (The 1992 White Paper on New Start-ups). Chusho Kigyo Risachi Senta (The Medium and Small Business Research Center, Inc.)
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items (1) Prior experience including employment: number of years Respondent held related job; prior occupation and size of work force; sex; marital status; age at time of establishment; last school attended.
(2) Prior ideas: attractiveness of running one's own business; hints for starting business in current industry; period before starting.
(3) Preparation: where R acquired necessary knowledge/technology/skills; initial funds and their sources.
(4) Business characteristics: workplace/employee measures (wage, working condition, training, participation in management, etc.); self-evaluation of management ability; who fills lack of ability; evaluation of company; company's prime selling point.
(5) Business after start: population of location; recent average monthly sales and balance; expected/actual sales; when business overcame deficits; work hours; number of employees and their average age; (for incorporated companies) capital at start and present, composition of investors; satisfaction with business; use of computers; future business development policy; public support systems to be substantiated for new start-ups.
Date of Release 1998/04/01
Version Registered on April 1, 1998.
Topics Economy/Industry/Management
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.