University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 0085
Survey Title Survey on State of New Business Start-ups, 1992
Depositor Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
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Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Summary The number of new start-ups, our economic booster, has actually been decreasing. As this survey series already pointed out, higher initial costs, higher technological and know-how requirements, and the difficulty in securing employees have been responsible for the decline. The 7th survey specifically aimed at clarifying to what extent the entry barriers have become firmer, and provides a deeper analysis of the subject. The survey was designed to reveal the condition of new start-ups in rural areas where different entry barriers prevail from those in big cities. One hundred and six of the respondents were given interviews as well.
Universe A total of 6,871 companies which were, among others NLFC financed between April and September, 1991, either less then one year old or before opening at the time of financing.
Unit of Observation Individual,Organization
Sample Size A sample of 6,871, of which 2,002 (29.1%) returned valid responses.
Time Period September, 1992
Spatial Unit
Sampling Procedure
Mode of Data Collection
Investigator NLFC Research Institute
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) NLFC Research Institute (ed) (September, 1993) Shinki kaigyo hakusho: Heisei 5-nen ban (The 1993 White Paper on New Start-ups). Chusho Kigyo Risachi Senta (The Medium and Small Business Research Center, Inc.)
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items (1) Business outline: industry; business content; age of business; number of employees at start and at present; form of business (incorporated or not).
(2) Prior condition including employment: sex; marital status; age at time of establishment; last school attended; number of years Respondent held related job; prior occupation and size of work force.
(3) Business location: location and its population; condition of location (population changes, large firms' plants, competitors, subcontractors); determinants of location; relationship between location and place of origin and place R acquired knowledge/experience; distance from and importance of highway interchange, airport, and Shinkansen (bullet train) stop.
(4) Business at start: initial funds and their sources; barriers at current place; real estate ownership before business; motivations for starting business.
(5) Business characteristics: trends of demand and competitors in R's industry; major suppler of R's goods/services before start; evaluation of company and staff in superior areas; company's prime selling point.
(6) Recruitment: initial recruitment of regular employees; regular employees' backgrounds; age composition of regular employees; wages.
(7) Business after start: current monthly sales and amount expected at start; profitability; when business overcame deficits; annual income before business and at present; future business development policy.
Date of Release 1998/04/01
Version Registered on April 1, 1998.
Topics Economy/Industry/Management
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.