University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0090
Survey Title Survey on State of New Business Start-ups, 1995
Depositor Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Nesstar Not available
Summary Japan's current level of interest in new small businesses is higher than ever. Their importance is now recognized as a leading creator of jobs and new industries-as evidenced by the implementation of a series of supportive measures initiated both in the private and public sectors. NLFC, which has conducted Surveys of New Start-ups since 1969, began to publish findings in 1991 in the form of annual white paper. This survey is the 10th of the kind. Forty-three of the new starters surveyed here were given both a questionnaire and an interview (by visiting ).
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe A total of 6,483 companies which were, among other companies financed by NLFC between April and September, 1994, either within one year of opening or before opening at the time of financing.
Unit of Observation Individual,Organization
Sample Size 6,483 companies sampled; 2,177 effective responses (rate: 33.6%)
Date of Collection 1995-09-01 ~ 1995-09-01
September, 1995
Time Period 1995 ~ 1995
Spatial Unit
Sampling Procedure
Mode of Data Collection
Investigator NLFC Research Institute
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0090
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) NLFC Research Institute (ed) (August, 1996) Shinki kaigyo hakusho: Heisei 8-nen ban (The 1996 White Paper on New Start-ups). Chusho Kigyo Risachi Senta (The Medium and Small Business Research Center, Inc.)
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items (1) Business outline: industry; business content; age of business and Respondent's age at start; form of enterprise.
(2) R's background: number of years R held a related job(s); prior occupation, size of workforce at the prior workplace, listed or not listed; sex and last school attended.
(3) Path to business: timing of determination; most important matters for R upon starting a new business; motivations for starting a business.
(4) Condition at start: where R acquired necessary knowledge, technology, and know-how; membership in a store chain; initial funds and their sources; business start-up under conditions of high rent and land price levels as in the bubble economy.
(5) Employees: number of employees and their composition at start and at present; recruitment; securing of employees at start; sufficiency of employees at present; number of employees age 45 and above.
(6) Business after start: current monthly sales and amount expected at start; profitability and date when business overcame deficits; R's and family's annual income before business and at present; use of computers; intentions for making company public; intentions for developing a franchise chain; public support systems to be substantiated for new start-ups.
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Working conditions
Topics in SSJDA Economy/Industry/Management
Version 1 : 1998-04-01
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.