University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 0101
Survey Title Survey on Employment Conditions and Communication between Employees and Management, 1991
Depositor Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards
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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Summary Major changes have occurred in the environment surrounding Japan's industrial relations and labor unions, including changes in the employment structure (which reflect a shift in the industrial structure from hardware to software or from manufacturing to services), a widespread labor shortage, diversification of the labor market, and changes in the work ethic and attitude especially among young people. And within the shifting environment, the labor organization rate has kept declining and the unorganized have kept expanding. This survey was directed to personnel and general affairs managers in an effort to capture the differences in working conditions and labor-management communication between organized and unorganized companies. The survey was accompanied by a questionnaire survey of workers at unionized companies and at companies in which no union is organized. The latter was conducted to uncover dimensions of their work, their workplace environments, and union consciousness. The common objective was to obtain basic data to study conditions for an encouraging workplace environment, factors explaining the decline in the organization rate and countermeasures, as well as the present and future role of labor unions.
Universe Companies with at least 100 employees.
Unit of Observation Organization
Sample Size A sample of 6,822, of which 689 (10.1%) returned valid responses.
Time Period June--July, 1991
Spatial Unit
Sampling Procedure Random sampling (with industrial consideration) from companies with at least 100 employees, according to Teikoku Data Bank's database.
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaires, mailed directly to respondents.
Investigator JTUC Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) JTUC-RIALS (January, 1992) Rodo kumiai eno kitai to koka (Expectations toward and Effects of Labor Unions)
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items (1) Company profile
Location of head office and its district; industry; sales and ordinary profit rate for last year; sales as compared to 5 years ago.
(2) Employees
Number; composition; average age and seniority; number of regular workers newly hired last year; hiring of regular workers for past 3 years; regular workers' turnover as compared to other companies in the same industry.
(3) Working hours
Legally regulated maximum working hours per week and year; average number of hours men worked beyond maximum last year; form of workweek; average number of paid holidays, given and taken; systemic reform to reduce working hours and its motivations.
(4) Wages
Initial pay; basic pay and annual allowance; promotion management; wage gaps for workers in their 30s; reasons for gaps; personnel evaluation system, availability and actual operation.
(5) Employment of the elderly
Retirement system and rehiring system; retirement allowance; corporate pension program; efforts at employment of the elderly for the past decade and for the future.
(6) Child-care leave
Availability of program and starting year; reasons for adopting program.
(7) Union and other workers' organizations
With or without union; organization; affiliation with larger organization; ratio of organized labor; organizing part-timers; with or without workers' organizations such as club and association.
(8) Evaluation of current labor-management communication
Knowledge of workers' opinion; workers' interest in management policy; workers' cohesiveness; time required for reaching labor-management agreement; requests from workers.
Date of Release 1999/10/04
Version Registered on October 4, 1999.
Topics Employment/Labor
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.