University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0111
Survey Title Attitudes toward Work and Actualities of Work, 1994
Depositor Kansai Productivity Center
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Nesstar Not available
Summary This survey was conducted for two objectives. One was to clarify issues which today's women workers face by investigating both the workers and the employers with respect to the form of employment and consciousness over employment. The other was to analyze the findings to study what the best possible workplace would look like and, further, what a society comfortable for both women and men would look like.
The Kansai Productivity Center formed a committee specifically designed to study "Working Women's Problems." The idea behind it was that changes were due in both social consciousness and the social environment so that men and women could pursue affluence in its real sense. As a step toward the goal, we thought, the way a workplace should be must be sought for women to be motivated and feel comfortable. In order to capture problems women face in the company (where the employer's consciousness differs from that of female employees) as well as issues male counterparts identify, the committee has conducted two surveys. They are (1) an institutional and policy survey (Survey of Employment Systems) and (2) a survey of male and female employees with respect to their consciousness (this one). Data obtained through the latter are available at the SSJ Data Archive.
Here are some findings. Women feel a lower level of work worthiness compared to male counterparts. Women have also experienced few transfers. The level of work satisfaction for both sexes depended most heavily on whether they have used and demonstrated their abilities through work. Also, about 84 percent of the women surveyed expressed a desire to take a more responsible job in the future. For what companies should do to use female workforce, respondents most frequently suggested giving responsible work to women. But women as a group also suggested that employers do not see women's work as lower than men's and evaluate both on an equal basis. Women further requested more education and training opportunities for them. Thus, women workers expressed dissatisfaction with the current job opportunity and evaluation.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Male and female employees and unionists, aged between 20 and 49, who belong to three unions and 47 companies drawn from the organizations affiliated with the Kansai Productivity Center.
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size 2,465 (88 percent of the respondents)
Date of Collection 1994-11-01 ~ 1994-11-01
November, 1994.
Time Period 1994 ~ 1994
Spatial Unit
Sampling Procedure Non-probability: Quota
We drew companies and unions on the basis of industry and size of workforce. The companies and unions then delimited respondents by sex and age and distributed questionnaires so that the sex ratio would be the same in terms of age or seniority.
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaires were distributed and collected (in sealed envelops) through company representatives.
Investigator Kansai Productivity Center
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0111
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Kansai Productivity Center (June, 1995) Wakingu wuman kara wakingu pason e: Danjo koyo kikai kinto-ho shikogo junen wo mukaete (From Working Women to Working Persons: A decade after the implementation of the Equal Employment Opportunity Law).
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items (1) Temporal dimensions of everyday life
Housekeeping and child-rearing hours on weekdays and holidays; temporal comfort; how holidays are spent (for both Respondent and his/her spouse).
(2) Current work
Division; position; whether R has subordinates; sex of employees who do R's work; work aptitude; feeling of worth engaging in work; chances for exerting ingenuity; whether R is given important work; availability of supervisors R can consult; availability of senior models; temporal and physical difficulty of work; relationship between current work and future career.
(3) Internal careers
Workplaces experienced; divisions experienced; divisional and job transfers experienced; degree of satisfaction with having worked at present company; whether R has been given work to exert abilities; whether R has been given educational/training opportunities; whether R has sacrificed private life for work; whether R has received wages worth performance; human relations at company as they have been.
(4) Work consciousness
Intentions on future way of work, switching jobs, and retirement; challenge to more responsible work; intentions for workplace transfer (involving residential change) and reasons; whether employment is managed by course, and R's course; course desired; what R consults supervisors about.
(5) Women's work and regulation of work hours
Sex equality in promotion; current state of developing human resources among women; opinion of legal regulation of women's extra and mid-night work hours.
(6) Preparing a good environment for working women
Employment management for women's exertion of abilities and aspirations; efforts women should make to work; efforts men working with women should make; what government and companies should do for both men and women to balance work and home.
(7) Demographic characteristics
Sex; age; seniority; education; school major; marital status; sponse's employment status; children; age of last-born child.
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Working conditions
Gender and gender roles
Topics in SSJDA Employment/Labor
Version 1 : 1999-10-15
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.