University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0136
Survey Title Survey on Attitudes toward Work and Life among those Reaching the Mandatory Retirement Age and Others, 1997
Depositor Japan Organization for Employment of the Elderly, Persons with Disabilities and Job Seekers
(Former Name:The Association of Employment Development for Senior Citizens)
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Nesstar Not available
Summary The spread of a retirement age of 60 in anticipation of a rapidly aging society, coupled by the 1994 reform of the public pension system which raised the eligibility age to 65, has made it an urgent policy issue to promote employment for people in their early 60s. At the same time, as others in their late 50s have begun to loose their jobs as a result of the stagnant economy and corporate restructuring, the critics of too much work and the advocates of return to the family and community have further advanced their cause. Since 1979 we at the Association have conducted five surveys of retirees as commissioned by the Labor Ministry. This one, which represents the fifth, responds to such a circumstance and clarifies the details of employment and retirement decisions made by the older employees. It does so by looking into their careers, changes in their treatment and annual income, the sufficiency of the household income, and their relations with the family and the community.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe (1) Individuals who reached retirement age in fiscal 1992, (2) individuals who, in the same year, retired at the age of 50 or above for reasons other than age, and (3) individuals who were transferred or found a new employer in the same year.
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size 5,998 effective responses, with 4,047 from (1) above and 1,951 from the rest.
Date of Collection 1997-01 ~ 1997-02
January-February, 1997
Time Period 1997 ~ 1997
Spatial Unit
Sampling Procedure
Mode of Data Collection
Investigator The Association of Employment Development for Senior Citizens
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0136
Sponsors (Funds) The Ministry of Labor
Related Publications (by the Investigator) The Association for Employment Development for Senior Citizens (1997) Teinen totatsu-sha nado no shugyo to seikatsu jittai ni kansuru chosa kenkyu hokoku sho: Heisei 9-nen do (Report of the Research Study on Retirees' Life and Employment).
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items Demographic items: sex; age; health; family composition; breadwinner; number of dependents; when children are expected to become independent; type of dwelling; housing loans; residential area; length of residence; current employment status; spouse's employment status; last school completed; occupational history up to 50 years of age (company size and jobs held).

Questionnaire items:
(1) Respondent at the company where s/he retired (for good or for now): seniority; size of work force; industry; occupation; occupational licenses and public qualifications; highest position held; number of transfers experienced; what the company did for R and should have done for R; R's preparation for retirement; what R should have done while employed; degree of satisfaction with overall occupational life; retirement age; reasons for retirement; R's age when s/he left the company.
(2) Employment extension and renewal: R's original desire for extension or renewal after retirement for age, and actual result; comparison between age retired and extended or renewed period (annual income, status, form of employment, occupation, degree of satisfaction); employment after extension or renewal; R's age when s/he completed the period.
(3) External transfer and company switching: transfer or switching; relationship between the company and the destination; destination's industry; prior recognition of the destination; changes in status; occupation; application of job experience; changes in annual income; the company's coverage of R's wage loss; degree of satisfaction; employment after transfer; R's age when s/he retired at the destination.
(4) Employment after retiring completely from the company: R's age when s/he retired completely; view of re-employment before retirement; condition after retirement and before re-employment; applicability of knowledge and experience; form of employment; new employer (relationship between the company and the new employer, size of work force, industry, changes in status, occupation, changes in annual income, re-employment route; employment after re-employment; R's age when s/he retired for good).
(5) Current job: form of employment; status; size of work force; industry; number of work days worked; number of hours worked; occupation; degree of satisfaction; major reason for working; labor management measures for older workers; income; intentions for work for non-economic reasons; timing for retirement from occupational life and its reasons; reasons for not being employed now; conditions for employment; satisfactory salaries.
(6) Income: retirement allowance received at the company (amount and use); pension (type, monthly amount received, and payer); income other than pension; household income; sufficiency of current income; income level for a decent life; ways of working for the aged (current situation, preferences, opinion).
(7) The family and community life: changes in family and community activities before/after retirement; uses of time R wants to emphasize; future life (persons to live with, housing); how to live a senior life; degree of satisfaction with overall occupational life; degree of satisfaction with current life.
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Working conditions
Family life and marriage
Topics in SSJDA Employment/Labor
Version 1 : 2000-02-08
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.