University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 0142
Survey Title Survey on State of New Business Start-ups, 1998
Depositor Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Summary Changes in the industrial structure and consumption behavior have brought a structural recession in the older industries and declining shopping districts in all over Japan. Moreover, as the employment condition has rapidly deteriorated, more and more people have lost their jobs. Against the backdrop, new start-ups are drawing attention as a force to turn the situation around. Since 1969 our Institute has conducted surveys to clarify the current state of new start-ups from various perspectives, and since 1991 the Institute has published an annual white paper to show the findings. This 1998 survey reveals that start-up funds have become smaller and new start-ups without employment have increased in number. The survey also offers a detailed analysis of the timing of entrepreneurs' conceiving the idea of starting business and factors behind such timing as well as their ways of tackling issues arising in the initial period of business.
Universe Companies which were, among others NLFC financed between April and September, 1997, either less then one year old or before opening at the time of financing.
Unit of Observation Individual,Organization
Sample Size 6,648 companies, of which 1,641 (24.7%) returned valid responses.
Time Period August, 1998
Spatial Unit All over Japan
Sampling Procedure See Subjects above.
Mode of Data Collection
Investigator NLFC Research Institute
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) NLFC Research Institute (ed) (July, 1999) Shinki kaigyo hakusho: Heisei 11-nen ban (The 1992 White Paper on New Start-ups). Chusho Kigyo Risachi Senta (The Medium and Small Business Research Center, Inc.)
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items (1) Business outline: industry; line of business; business characteristics and selling points; venture business or not; franchise membership; form of enterprise; plans for incorporation; publicity of line of business.
(2) Background: whether Respondent had held a job in the same area; (if yes) number of years R held it; prior occupation, size of work force at the firm, whether the firm was listed or not, industry; sex; last school attended.
(3) Path to business: age determined to start business; most important matters at start; occasion which led R to his/her own business; prior research; effect of deregulation on starting business; where R acquired necessary knowledge/technology/skills; breakdown of initial funds and their sources.
(4) Employees: number of regular and temporary employees at start and at present; sufficiency of work force at present; recruitment of employees; management incentives to motivate employees.
(5) Business developments: current balance, when business overcame deficits; expected monthly sales at start; degree of satisfaction with current income, work and life; future business developments (going to public, business scale); public support systems R recommends for starting business.
Date of Release 2000/03/16
Version Registered on March 16, 2000.
Topics Economy/Industry/Management
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.