University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0164
Survey Title Survey on Japanese People's Value Consciousness, 1991
Depositor Ulrich Moehwald, German Institute for Japanese Studies
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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Summary This survey was executed as one of seven sub-projects in the frame of the first medium-term research project of the German Institute for Japanese Studies on value change in Japan. The general topic of the research project was the change of values of individualism and equality in the family and in work life. This topic also was the focus in the construction of the questionnaire for this survey. The questionnaire covers various topics on value consciousness of the Japanese in work and family life including individuality and attitudes in the office, equality in gender, house work sharing, child education, marriage, etc.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Men and women age 20 and older
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size 3,000 sampled; 2,241 responded; (rate: 74.6%)
Date of Collection 1991-05-01 ~ 1991-05-01
May, 1991
Time Period 1991 ~ 1991
Spatial Unit Whole Japan
Sampling Procedure Probability: Stratified
Probability: Multistage
Two-stage stratified random sampling.
The respondents were drawn at random from the resident registers (jumin-daicho).
Mode of Data Collection The method of the survey were oral interviews of individuals executed by interviewers using a standardized questionnaire.
Investigator Ulrich Moehwald, the German Institute for Japanese Studies. The field work was done by the New Information Center (Shin Joho Senta)
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0164
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) The German Institute for Japanese Studies , Tokyo (1991) Kazoku to kigyo ni okeru "kosei" to "byodo": nihonjin no kachi-ishiki ni kansuru chosa hokoku-sho [Report of the Survey on Value Consciousness of the Japanese : Individualism and Equality in the Family and in Work Life]
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items Questionnaire items:
Company: Interesting work vs. work climate; own responsibility vs. group responsibility.
On work life: Company profits vs. wage increase; change of job; paid leave; remuneration of achievements; order vs. individuality; management vs. request of co-workers; shift of employee to distant branch; types of superior.
Patriarchalism in work life: Woman as superior; men are better suited; men work, women family; man vs. woman for a certain post.
Own interest vs. firm: Transfer-wishes of the employee; overtime vs. private appointment.
Promotion criteria: Age; gakureki; performance; abilities; gender; human relations/ connections; seniority.
Work life: Own opinion; cooperation; collegiality; group activities; loyality; majority opinion; orders of superior; company outing.
Values: Fulfill tasks without complaint; own decision; compromise; own conception; respect other peoples way of life; follow rules.
Child education: Follow rules; own goals; good ralations with playmates; assert oneself; follow advice; girls/boys.
Job change: Endagering the family; relations with neighbours; time for the family; own decision; interesting work; livelihood.
Marriage relations: House work; husband's position; decision making.
Decision: Household budget; savings; care; child education.
Marriage reason: Love; trust; continuity of family line; advantages; social expectation; parents' wish.
Marriage acquaintance woman/man.
Overseas travel vs. family.

Demographic items:
gender, age, marital status, family composition, number of persons in household, own children (number of own children, age of eldest child ), school education, occupation (industrial sector, number of employees, past gainful employment).
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Working conditions
Equality, inequality and social exclusion
Family life and marriage
Religion and values
Social behaviour and attitudes
Topics in SSJDA Society/Culture
Version 1 : 2000-08-30
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.